Article ID: CBB181919885

Misled by Metaphor: The Problem of Ingrained Analogy (2019)


Nancy Leys Step an's historical analysis of the analogical reasoning used in nineteenth century research on human variation highlights an interesting feature of scientific discourse: metaphors imported from larger society can negatively impact scientific practice. In this paper, I consider the roles of analogical reasoning in scientific practice and demonstrate how it can mislead the scientists relying on it. One way, the problem of ingrained analogy, results when the correspondences of a metaphor become entrenched in the minds of scientists. Previous solutions, offered by Turbayne (1971) and Recker (2004, 2010), lack the resources to address the problem. Thus, I propose introducing novel critique from relevant outsiders as a method to mitigate the power of scientific metaphors to mislead.

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Authors & Contributors
Elwick, James M.
Laura Nuño de la Rosa
Villegas, Cristina
Lowe, James W. E.
Louis, Ard A.
Chiapperino, Luca
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Journal of the History of Biology
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Medizinhistorisches Journal
Pickering & Chatto
Variation (biology)
Human genetics
Metaphors; analogies
Haeckel, Ernst
Darwin, Charles Robert
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monet de
Wilson, Edmund Beecher
Weismann, August
Owen, Richard
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
21st century
20th century, late
Great Britain
Islands of the Pacific
London (England)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Anthropologie, Menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik
Human Genome Project

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