Article ID: CBB180449604

Object-numerals as listed in Nijaguṇa Śivayogī ’s Viveka-Cintāmaṇi (2023)


Nijaguṇa Śivayog ī was a Liṅgāyata Indian philosopher who flourished sometime between 1250 and 1655 CE. He composed the Viveka-Cintāmaṇi in Kannaḍa. The fifty-nine object-numerals listed in this work by him under the heading gaṇita-sañjñe (mathematical notations) are studied in this paper. Every object-numeral is a bearer of deeply rooted thought in ancient Indian society, be it from the Vedic, paurāṇika, epic, Jaina or Āyurvedic culture. Some of those object-numerals such as vararatna (3), haravaktra (5), artha (6), rājyāṅga (7), sabhāṅga (7), anusvāra (0), nāsti (0), etc. are unusual as their use in ancient and medieval Indian mathematics and astronomy has not yet been reported. The paper also reports the use of object-numerals by the Indian business community in the past.

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Authors & Contributors
Simonov, R. A.
Burnett, Charles
Panda, Sudhira
Ouyang, Xiaoli
Hirose, Sho
Michael J. Ostwald
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
British Journal for the History of Mathematics
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Edizioni Cadmo
Princeton University Press
Franz Steiner Verlag
Ashgate, Variorum
Number notation; mathematical notation
Number systems
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Colebrooke, Henry Thomas
Stefan, Permskii, Saint
Leonardo da Pisa
Hipparchos of Rhodes
Fibonacci, Leonardo
Time Periods
14th century
12th century
Early modern
Ural Mountains region (Russia)

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