Book ID: CBB166825152

Getting to Know the World Scientifically: An Objective View (2020)

unapi

This undergraduate textbook introduces some fundamental issues in philosophy of science for students of philosophy and science students. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 deals with knowledge and values. Chap. 1 presents the classical conception of knowledge as initiated by the ancient Greeks and elaborated during the development of science, introducing the central concepts of truth, belief and justification. Aspects of the quest for objectivity are taken up in the following two chapters. Moral issues are broached in Chap. 4, which discusses some aspects of the use and abuse of science, taking up the responsibilities of scientists in properly conducting their business and decision-makers in their concerns with the import of science for society. Part 2 contrasts the view of scientific progress as the rejecting of old hypotheses and theories and replacing them with new ones, represented by Karl Popper, with the conception of progress as accumulating knowledge, saving as much as possible from older theories, represented by Pierre Duhem. A concluding chapter defends the natural attitude of taking the theories of modern science to be literally true, i.e. realism, in the face of arguments drawn partly from the history of scientific progress in criticism of this stance.

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Authors & Contributors
Galison, Peter
Daston, Lorraine J.
Luca Sciortino
Borg, George
Stefania Achella
Vincenzo Matera
Journals
Laboratorio dell'ISPF
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Philosophy of Science
Perspectives on Science
Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science
Publishers
Springer Nature
Zone Books
Yale University Press
University of Chicago Press
Kluwer
Columbia University Press
Concepts
Objectivity
Philosophy of science
Science, general histories
Science and society
Science and politics
Scientific illustration
People
Le Franc, Martin
Kuhn, Thomas S.
Hacking, Ian
Foucault, Michel
Fleck, Ludwik
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
19th century
18th century
Early modern
Medieval
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