Article ID: CBB143588294

Procedural Care: Licensing Practices in Animal Research (2022)


Animal research has always been debated on moral and ethical grounds. Non-governmental organisations repeatedly critique the lack of openness and transparency around the use of animals in science. In response to this critique, openness and transparency have, in the most recent decade, been integrated in new ways in systems and practices of licensing animal research in the EU, materialised and conceptualised by a harm-benefit framework. In the licensing system in Norway–this article's empirical site–articulating and balancing between ‘harms' and ‘benefits' are core activities to foster a ‘culture of care' that responds to a diverse set of care relations: those between science and society, science and policy, and humans and animals. Harm-benefit analysis is, however, plagued by tensions that can be traced into licensing procedures. Performing harm-benefit analysis in this context can be called ‘procedural care’. While procedural care is meant to manage conflicting cares in animal research, it also tends to conceal tensions that emerge in practice. Yet, procedural care is a genre promises to bring together types of care and more openly engage with the relationship among them. Conceptually and methodologically, procedural care calls for the study of care in the administrative and legal domain.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Alexandra Palmer; Reuben Message; Beth Greenhough; (2021)
Edge cases in animal research law: Constituting the regulatory borderlands of the UK's Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (/isis/citation/CBB092303708/)

Article Gail Davies; Beth Greenhough; Pru Hobson-West; Robert G. W. Kirk; (July 2018)
Science, Culture, and Care in Laboratory Animal Research: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the History and Future of the 3Rs (/isis/citation/CBB754061622/)

Article Etienne S. Benson; (2016)
Naming the Ethological Subject (/isis/citation/CBB816494844/)

Article Tone Druglitrø; (July 2018)
“Skilled Care” and the Making of Good Science (/isis/citation/CBB697868030/)

Article Marianne de Laet; Annelieke Driessen; Else Vogel; (December 2021)
Thinking with attachments: Appreciating a generative analytic (/isis/citation/CBB485499768/)

Article Lene Koch; Mette N. Svendsen; (May 2015)
Negotiating Moral Value: A Story of Danish Research Monkeys and Their Humans (/isis/citation/CBB281898023/)

Article Catelijne Coopmans; Karen M. McNamara; (March 2020)
Care in Translation: Care-ful Research in Medical Settings (/isis/citation/CBB435307274/)

Article Anja Bauer; Alexander Bogner; (2020)
Let’s (not) talk about synthetic biology: Framing an emerging technology in public and stakeholder dialogues (/isis/citation/CBB333309152/)

Article Poonam Pandey; Aviram Sharma; (2017)
NGOs, Controversies, and “Opening Up” of Regulatory Governance of Science in India (/isis/citation/CBB915250388/)

Book Vig, Norman J.; Faure, Michael G.; (2004)
Green Giants? Environmental Policies of the United States and the European Union (/isis/citation/CBB000830072/)

Article Hua, Julietta; Ahuja, Neel; (2013)
Chimpanzee Sanctuary: “Surplus” Life and the Politics of Transspecies Care (/isis/citation/CBB001201820/)

Book Lori Gruen; (2018)
Critical Terms for Animal Studies (/isis/citation/CBB477520810/)

Article Simon Lohse; (2021)
Scientific inertia in animal-based research in biomedicine (/isis/citation/CBB124857110/)

Article Kristrún Gunnarsdóttir; Kjetil Rommetveit; (2017)
The Biometric Imaginary: (dis)trust in a Policy Vacuum (/isis/citation/CBB939896615/)

Article Amy Hinterberger; (2020)
Regulating Estrangement: Human–Animal Chimeras in Postgenomic Biology (/isis/citation/CBB646962988/)

Article Ashley Shew; Keith Johnson; (2018)
Companion Animals as Technologies in Biomedical Research (/isis/citation/CBB234825566/)

Article Robert G. W. Kirk; Edmund Ramsden; (2021)
"Havens of mercy”: health, medical research, and the governance of the movement of dogs in twentieth-century America (/isis/citation/CBB713465624/)

Article Daniel J. Hicks; (2017)
Genetically Modified Crops, Inclusion, and Democracy (/isis/citation/CBB212227086/)

Authors & Contributors
Greenhough, Beth
Kirk, Robert G. W.
Catelijne Coopmans
Alexander Bogner
Alexandra Palmer
Pandey, Poonam
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Public Understanding of Science
Perspectives on Science
Social Studies of Science
Science in Context
University of Chicago Press
MIT Press
Human-animal relationships
Laboratory animals
Science and technology studies (STS)
Science and society
Science and law
Haraway, Donna Jeanne
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
European Union
United States
United Kingdom
East Asia

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment