Article ID: CBB139064151

Contested Waterlines: The Wave-Line Theory and Shipbuilding in the Nineteenth Century (2016)

unapi

Ship hydrodynamics in the nineteenth century was dominated by John Scott Russell’s wave-line theory. Russell, a prominent British shipbuilder and scientist, argued that wavemaking was the primary source of resistance for ships, and that by designing ships according to trigonometric curves and proportions (the wave line) this resistance could effectively be eliminated. From the 1840s to the 1880s, shipbuilders such as John Willis Griffiths, Donald McKay and George Steers designed their clipper ships (like Sea Witch and Flying Cloud) and yachts (America) with wave-line hulls, while authors like Jules Verne referenced Russell’s theory. The wave line slowly faded after William Froude developed his laws of ship resistance. The article examines how Russell’s theory became accepted by technical experts and the wider public to become the most widely known ship hydrodynamic theory of the 1800s—a reminder of how a persuasive idea can take hold of an entire profession, and even the public, for a long time.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB139064151/

Similar Citations

Article Ferreiro, Larrie D.; (2014)
The Mutual Influence of Aircraft Aerodynamics and Ship Hydrodynamics in Theory and Experiment (/isis/citation/CBB001321047/)

Article Humphreys, David; (2013)
Competition in the Merchant Steamship Market, 1889--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB001422494/)

Article Bender, Michael; (2015)
Angry Voices on the River Bank: A Reinterpretation of Two Aquatic Classics (/isis/citation/CBB001422545/)

Article Sturgess, Gary L.; Cozens, Ken; (2013)
Managing a Global Enterprise in the Eighteenth Century: Anthony Calvert of the Crescent, London, 1777--1808 (/isis/citation/CBB001421496/)

Book Leggett, Don; Dunn, Richard; (2012)
Re-Inventing the Ship: Science, Technology and the Maritime World, 1800--1918 (/isis/citation/CBB001253003/)

Article Pietsch, Tamson; (2010)
A British Sea: Making Sense of Global Space in the Late Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001421504/)

Article Smith, Crosbie; Scott, Anne; (2007)
“Trust in Providence”: Building Confidence into the Cunard Line of Steamers (/isis/citation/CBB000830425/)

Article MacLeod, Christine; Stein, Jeremy; Tann, Jennifer; Andrew, James; (2000)
Making Waves: The Royal Navy's Management of Invention and Innovation in Steam Shipping, 1815-1832 (/isis/citation/CBB000111818/)

Book Daniel Harrison; (2015)
The Thames Ironworks 1837–1912: A Major Shipbuilder on the Thames (/isis/citation/CBB970518028/)

Article Battersby, William; Carney, Peter; (2011)
Equipping HM Ships Erebus and Terror, 1845 (/isis/citation/CBB001231612/)

Article Harland, John H.; (2015)
The Evolution of the Windlass in the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001422542/)

Book Grossman, Jonathan H.; (2012)
Charles Dickens's Networks: Public Transport and the Novel (/isis/citation/CBB001421330/)

Article Kahanov, Yaacov; Stern, Eliezer; Cvikel, Deborah; Me-Bar, Yoav; (2014)
Between Shoal and Wall: The Naval Bombardment of Akko, 1840 (/isis/citation/CBB001422520/)

Article Harland, John H.; (2013)
Capstans Handling Chain: Gordon and Barbotin (/isis/citation/CBB001422448/)

Article Courtney, Stephen; Smith, Crosbie W.; (2013)
“Or Vast Fiery Cross, on the Banner of Morn”: Reading the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's Shipwrecks (/isis/citation/CBB001421377/)

Article Adler, Antony; (2014)
The Ship as Laboratory: Making Space for Field Science at Sea (/isis/citation/CBB001451242/)

Authors & Contributors
Smith, Crosbie W.
Dunn, Richard
Leggett, Don
Harland, John H.
Stein, Jeremy
Tann, Jennifer
Journals
Mariner's Mirror
History and Technology
Technology and Culture
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Journal for Maritime Research: Britian, the Sea and Global History
Publishers
Ashgate
Oxford University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Boydell Press
Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA)
Concepts
Ships and shipbuilding
Technology
Sea travel
Science and literature
Travel; exploration
Steamboats
People
Dickens, Charles
Roberts, Owen
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century
Places
Great Britain
Caribbean
Mexico
Pacific Ocean
China
Australia
Institutions
Great Britain. Royal Navy
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment