Article ID: CBB131414393

Jacob’s Understanding of Reproduction: Challenges from an Organismic Collaborative Framework (2023)


François Jacob viewed the living world as interconnected by reproductive links, suggesting that biology should not limit itself to studying individual organisms given their ephemeral nature. He believed that reproduction was the cause and purpose of life, asserting that the genetic program played a crucial role in physiology and evolutionary biology, offering a potential unifying framework for biology. While acknowledging the importance of Jacob’s idea of reproduction as a nexus, there are criticisms regarding his reliance on genetic programs. Various approaches to understanding the causes of reproduction—including formal, material, and externally scaffolded factors—are explored and highlight some perspectives that extend beyond the concept of genetic programming. Furthermore, criticisms and objections to the organizational aspects and significance of reproduction in life are addressed. Finally, the relational nature of reproduction is presented as a crucial aspect that necessitates considering collaborative and distributed models.

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Article Pierre-Olivier Méthot; Florence Vienne (2023) Special Section Introduction. HOPOS (pp. 454-462). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Méthot, Pierre-Olivier
Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg
Huneman, Philippe
Markus Scholz
Riccardo Mona
Fasolo, Aldo
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Perspectives on Science
IF Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Evolutionary developmental biology
Philosophy of biology
Philosophy of science
Jacob, François
Monod, Jacques
Sokal, Robert R.
Mayr, Ernst
Hodgson, Geoffrey M.
Foucault, Michel
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
19th century
18th century
United States
Great Britain
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Human Genome Project
Collège de France, Paris

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