Article ID: CBB127467717

Mendel Lives: The Survival of Mendelian Genetics in the Lysenkoist Classroom, 1937–1964 (2015)


The demise of Soviet genetics in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s has stood for many as a prime example of the damage that social and political dogmatism can do when allowed to meddle in the workings of science. In particular, the story of Trofim Lysenko’s rise to preeminence and the fall of Mendelian genetics in the Soviet Union has become a lasting testament to the dangers of state power and a seemingly blatant manifestation of totalitarianism in practice. In recent years, historians have begun to complicate this story. The purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which this conventional account of state power in Soviet biology, symbolized by the disappearance of Mendel, still holds true. Using middle school textbooks, encyclopedias, and pedagogical journals that were published between 1934 and 1964 this article argues that despite its efforts, the state apparatus was functionally incapable of eradicating genetics from its schools.

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Article Erik L. Peterson; Kostas Kampourakis (2015) The Paradigmatic Mendel at the Sesquicentennial of “Versuche über Pflantzen-Hybriden”: Introduction to the Thematic Issue. Science and Education (pp. 1-8). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Saito, Hirofumi
Roll-Hansen, Nils
de Jong-Lambert, William
Duančić, Vedran
Rizhinashvili, Alexandra
Strządała, Agata
Journal of the History of Biology
Istoriko-Biologicheskie Issledovaniia
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Humanity Books
Brandes & Apsel
Science and politics
Science education and teaching
Science and ideology
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
Michurin, Ivan Vladimirovich
Müller, Hermann Joseph
Dobzhansky, Theodosius
Yudintsev, Sergei Dmitrievich
Weismann, August
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
Soviet Union
United States
Moscow (Russia)
Genetics Society of America
Moskovskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet im. M.V. Lomonosova
Universitet Kazan

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