Article ID: CBB124135559

American Civil War medical practice, the post-bellum opium crisis and modern comparisons (2020)


The American Civil War resulted in massive numbers of injured and ill soldiers. Throughout the conflict, medical doctors relied on opium to treat these conditions, giving rise to claims that the injudicious use of the narcotic caused America’s post-bellum opium crisis. Similar claims of medical misuse of opioids are now made as America confronts the modern narcotic crisis. A more nuanced thesis based on a broader base of Civil War era research suggests a more complex set of interacting factors that collectively contributed to America’s post-war opium crisis.

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Authors & Contributors
Flannery, Michael A.
Hasegawa, Guy R.
Schmidt, James M.
Trocki, Carl A.
Meyer, Kathryn
Parssinen, Terry M.
Pharmacy in History
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Medical History
Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari: Studies in Ottoman Science
The Journal of the Civil War Era
Johns Hopkins University Press
Pharmaceutical Products Press
Edinborough Press
Yale University Press
Arcade Publishing
University of California, Los Angeles
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Narcotics and drugs
Opium and opium trade
Medicine and society
Letterman, Johnathan
Mitchell, John K. (John Kearsley)
Mitchell, Silas Weir
United States
Great Britain
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century

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