Article ID: CBB119202827

Agricultural Practices as Gleaned from the Tamil Literature of the Sangam Age (2016)


The most significant source material for our study is the earliest stratum of Tamil literature of the Sangam age. This is found grouped in two schematic anthologies-Ettutokai (the Eight anthologies) and Pattuppāttu (the Ten Idylls). All these literary works of great merit belong to the first three or four centuries AD.1 To this period of anthologies may be added the Tolkappiyam (1965) a comprehensive work on Tamil grammar by the celebrated author, Tolkāppiyar. Next stratum of Tamil literature is the Padinen-kin-kanakku (the Eighteen didactical texts). Among them, the two most famous and unique works are the Tirukkural [the ‘Sacred’ Kural (Pope, 1886)] and the Naladiyar [Four Hundred Quatrains in Tamil (Pope, 1893)]. Based on these literary works as the main source material, an attempt is made in the following pages to throw light on the salient agricultural practices in ancient Tamilakam.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Rajan, K.; Athiyaman, N.; (2004)
Traditional Gemstone Cutting Technology of Kongu Region in Tamil Nadu (/isis/citation/CBB000600504/) unapi

Book Weber, Steven A.; Belcher, William R.; (2003)
Indus Ethnobiology: New Perspectives from the Field (/isis/citation/CBB001422460/) unapi

Chapter Miller, Laura J.; (2003)
Secondary Products and Urbanism in South Asia: The Evidence for Traction at Harappa (/isis/citation/CBB001422468/) unapi

Chapter Weber, Steven A.; (2003)
Archaeobotany at Harappa: Indications for Change (/isis/citation/CBB001422466/) unapi

Chapter Possehl, Gregory L.; (2003)
The Indus Civilization: An Introduction to Environment, Subsistence and Cultural History (/isis/citation/CBB001422462/) unapi

Article Sen, Srabani; (2010)
Scientific Enquiry in Agriculture in Colonial India: A Historical Perspective (/isis/citation/CBB001024275/) unapi

Article Sensarma, Priyadarsan; (2007)
Ethnobiological Information in Parāśara Saṃhitā (/isis/citation/CBB000720219/) unapi

Article Deloche, Jean; (2012)
Silting and Ancient Sea-Ports of the Tamil Country (/isis/citation/CBB001251306/) unapi

Article Venkateswaran, T. V.; (2004)
Representations of Natural World in the Popular Science Texts during Nineteenth Century Tamil Nadu (/isis/citation/CBB000600501/) unapi

Article R. Champakalakshmi; (2016)
In Search of the Beginnings and Growth of Knowledge Production in Tamil (/isis/citation/CBB168865911/) unapi

Book Richard S. Weiss; (2009)
Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India (/isis/citation/CBB900717445/) unapi

Article Ilona Barbara Kędzia; (2017)
Mastering Deathlessness: (/isis/citation/CBB323792796/) unapi

Article Kichenassamy, Satyanad; (2010)
Brahmagupta's Derivation of the Area of a Cyclic Quadrilateral (/isis/citation/CBB000953084/) unapi

Book Ganeri, Jonardon; (2011)
The Lost Age of Reason: Philosophy in Early Modern India 1450--1700 (/isis/citation/CBB001033375/) unapi

Article Mishra, Vinod; (2011)
Computation of √n: A Modern Generalization of Ancient Technique (/isis/citation/CBB001024482/) unapi

Book Cederlof, Gunnel; Sivaramakrishnan, Kalayanakrishnan; (2006)
Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods, and Identities in South Asia (/isis/citation/CBB000950054/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Cederlof, Gunnel
Sivaramakrishnan, Kalayanakrishnan
Weber, Steven A.
Venkateswaran, T. V.
Rajan, K.
Athiyaman, N.
Indian Journal of History of Science
Historia Mathematica
Indian Journal of the History of Science
History of Science in South Asia
Oxford University Press
University of Washington Press
Lexington Books
India, civilization and culture
Anthropology, prehistoric
Grain crops; Cereals; Grasses
Howard, Albert, Sir
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
Early modern
Tamil Nadu (India)
South Asia

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment