Article ID: CBB119202827

Agricultural Practices as Gleaned from the Tamil Literature of the Sangam Age (2016)

unapi

The most significant source material for our study is the earliest stratum of Tamil literature of the Sangam age. This is found grouped in two schematic anthologies-Ettutokai (the Eight anthologies) and Pattuppāttu (the Ten Idylls). All these literary works of great merit belong to the first three or four centuries AD.1 To this period of anthologies may be added the Tolkappiyam (1965) a comprehensive work on Tamil grammar by the celebrated author, Tolkāppiyar. Next stratum of Tamil literature is the Padinen-kin-kanakku (the Eighteen didactical texts). Among them, the two most famous and unique works are the Tirukkural [the ‘Sacred’ Kural (Pope, 1886)] and the Naladiyar [Four Hundred Quatrains in Tamil (Pope, 1893)]. Based on these literary works as the main source material, an attempt is made in the following pages to throw light on the salient agricultural practices in ancient Tamilakam.

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Authors & Contributors
Cederlof, Gunnel
Sivaramakrishnan, Kalayanakrishnan
Weber, Steven A.
Venkateswaran, T. V.
Rajan, K.
Athiyaman, N.
Journals
Indian Journal of History of Science
Historia Mathematica
Indian Journal of the History of Science
History of Science in South Asia
Publishers
Oxford University Press
University of Washington Press
Lexington Books
Concepts
India, civilization and culture
Agriculture
Anthropology, prehistoric
Ethnobotany
Grain crops; Cereals; Grasses
Urbanization
People
Brahmagupta
Howard, Albert, Sir
Time Periods
Prehistory
Ancient
19th century
Medieval
20th century
Early modern
Places
India
Tamil Nadu (India)
Pakistan
South Asia
Nepal
Bangladesh
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