Book ID: CBB118997338

On Music: An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 5 (2011)


The Ikhwan al-Safa' (Brethren of Purity), the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century esoteric fraternity based in Basra and Baghdad, hold an eminent position in the history of science and philosophy in Islam due to the wide reception and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa' (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). This compendium contains fifty-two epistles offering synoptic accounts of the classical sciences and philosophies of the age; divided into four classificatory parts, it treats themes in mathematics, logic, natural philosophy, psychology, metaphysics, and theology, in addition to didactic fables. The Rasa'il constitutes a paradigmatic legacy in the canonization of philosophy and the sciences in mediaeval Islamic civilization, and has also shown a permeating influence in Western culture.

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Authors & Contributors
King, David A.
Callataÿ, Godefroid de
El-Bizri, Nader
Rashed, Roshdi
Crozet, Pascal
Gropp, Harald
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Tarikh-e Elm (The Iranian Journal for the History of Science)
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften
Journal of World History
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Oxford University Press
Princeton University Press
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Columbia University
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Ibn al-Haytham, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan
Ibn al-Layth, Abu al-Jud Muhammad
al-Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad
al-Sijzi, Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd al-Jalil
Ibn al-Waḥshiyya, ʾAbū Bakr ʾAḥmad bin ʿAlī
Time Periods
10th century
9th century
11th century
17th century
16th century
Baghdad (Iraq)
Central Asia
Florence (Italy)
Ikhwān al-Ṣafā (Brethren of Purity)

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