Article ID: CBB118540557

Thermosphere-Ionosphere Model Development: A Personal Perspective (2019)


This is a personal perspective of how some significant upper atmosphere model developments were carried out from the mid-1960s to the early 1990s, including modeling of the ionospheric wind dynamo, equatorial electrojet, two- and three-dimensional thermospheric dynamics, the disturbance dynamo, interactive thermosphere/ionosphere dynamics and electrodynamics, and mapping of high-latitude electric fields and currents through data assimilation. Well-tested models enable exploration and prediction of a large number of phenomena.

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Authors & Contributors
Heymann, Matthias
Sies, Mary C.
Lindemann, Marilee
Parks, Sheri L
Wilkerson, Abby L.
Nugayev, Rinat M.
Journal of Geophysical Research
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences
Journal of Literature and Science
Foundations of Chemistry
University of Maryland, College Park
Texas A and M University
Texas A&M University
Amsterdam University Press
Personal narratives
Atmosphere (Earth)
Space research and exploration
Models and modeling in science
Computer Simulation
Einstein, Albert
Eliassen, Anton
Fortak, Heinz
Beckett, Samuel
Foucault, Michel
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
United States
West Africa
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
University of Arizona

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