Article ID: CBB118033524

Casey Albert Wood and the Fundus Oculi of Birds (1917) (2022)


Casey Albert Wood’s The fundus oculi of birds, published in 1917, was the culmination of his decade-long study of the eyes of about a hundred bird species across the avian phylogeny. Wood was a professional ophthalmologist who, during his spare time, was drawn to the study of birds’ eyes because of their exceptional visual acuity. His stated goal was to inform taxonomy but that turned out to be pointless. With the assistance of an artist, Arthur William Head, Wood described and illustrated in colour the retina in these birds, with particular attention to the number, size, structure, and position of the pecten. Since the function and evolution of the avian pecten is still poorly known, Wood’s book continues to provide a useful point of departure for the study of birds’ eyes.

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Authors & Contributors
Dickenson, Victoria J. V.
Vida Javidi
Karl Schulze-Hagen
Bruno M. Goddeeris
Boudewijn R. Goddeeris
Rossi, Michael Paul
Archives of Natural History
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Journal of the History of Biology
Knesebeck Verlag
University of Texas Press
Potomac Books
Oxford University Press
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
Natural history
Scientific illustration
Wood, Casey Albert
Charles Collins
Wood, Emma Shearer
Peter Paillou
Heinroth, Magdalena
Gink, Cornelis van
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
18th century
United States
Edinburgh (Scotland)
Leipzig (Germany)
London (England)
American Ornithological Society
McGill University (Canada)
University of Edinburgh

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