Article ID: CBB115035104

General Aviation Safety: Trained With Paper Maps, Flying With Digital Maps (2019)


Aviation is often seen as an innovative sector eager to seek technological solutions. It is often assumed that aircraft cockpits have panels with electronic displays and many buttons, some labeled "auto." While this might be the case for commercial aviation (Figure 1), the vast majority of noncommercial civil aircraft cockpits look nothing like these modern cockpits. Non-commercial civil aircraft, known as general aviation (GA), typically have cockpits that mainly consist of analog instruments that show the heading of the aircraft, the altitude, and the air speed. While flying, the pilots make calculations using a compass and an aviation calculator. Due to the slow entry rate of new, glass-cockpit aircraft, the composition of the GA aircraft fleet is not going to change any time soon. [Peer reviewed]

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Authors & Contributors
Scamehorn, H. Lee
Abney, Gene
Brady, Tim
Lehrer, Henry R.
Ackroyd, J. A. D.
Heppenheimer, T. A.
Air Power History
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
American Heritage of Invention and Technology
Naval Institute Press
Southern Illinois University Press
Manchester University Press
Zone Books
University of California, Davis
Aeronautics; aviation
Aircraft; airplanes
Military technology
Aircraft industry
World War II
Wright brothers, Wilber and Orville
Cayley, George
Eisenhower, Dwight David
United States
Illinois (U.S.)
Great Britain
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
19th century
20th century, late
Smithsonian Institution
United States Air Force
Federal Aviation Administration

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