Article ID: CBB110998161

How Could a “Blind” Evolutionary Process Have Made Human Moral Beliefs Sensitive to Strongly Universal, Objective Moral Standards? (2014)

unapi

The evolutionist challenge to moral realism is the skeptical challenge that, if evolution is true, it would only be by chance, a “happy coincidence” as Sharon Street puts it, if human moral beliefs were true. The author formulates Street’s “happy coincidence” argument more precisely using a distinction between probabilistic sensitivity and insensitivity introduced by Elliott Sober. The author then considers whether it could be rational for us to believe that human moral judgments about particular cases are probabilistically sensitive to strongly universal fundamental moral standards of cooperation and fair division. The author provides an explanation of why there would be a benign correlation (though not a perfect one) between human moral judgments in particular cases and the requirements of strongly universal fundamental moral standards. The explanation of the benign correlation is based on group selection for groups of individuals with an egalitarian satisficing psychology and egalitarian norms, because of the ability of such groups to more efficiently solve gene-propagation collective action problems.

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Authors & Contributors
Ruse, Michael
Hull, David L.
Stamos, David N.
Kutschera, Ulrich
Razeto-Barry, Pablo
Frick, Ramiro
Journals
Biology and Philosophy
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology
Science and Education
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Biological Theory
Publishers
Cambridge University
MIT Press
The MIT Press
Princeton University Press
Arizona State University
Armando
Concepts
Evolution
Biology
Evolutionary developmental biology
Philosophy of biology
Developmental biology
Genetics
People
Darwin, Charles Robert
Spencer, Herbert
Lorenz, Konrad
Haeckel, Ernst
Russell, Edward Stuart
Bradshaw, Anthony David
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, early
Places
United States
Germany
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