Article ID: CBB110028570

L’appropriation des sciences géométriques arabes en Occident médiéval (2020)

unapi

The focus of this study is the appropriation, by European scholars, of geometric knowledge from Islamic countries. Firstly, we explain the way in which the discipline developed by Arabic-speaking geometers was primarily based on Greek and Indian traditions. In order to do this, we have outlined five geometries: European, Archimedean and spherical geometries and geometry of conics and measurement. We thus show the various geometrical orientations favoured by the authors who flourished in Islamic countries, as well as their originality. Secondly, we pay particular attention to the European geometrical landscape before the advent of Arab knowledge and know-how which became gradually available from the tenth century onwards. Finally, we show to what extent Latin scholars (and to a lesser extent, Hebrew scholars) appropriated the geometric corpus available in Arabic, mainly through translations. After the twelfth century, Latin scholars acquired geometric texts enabling them, in their turn, to develop European geometrical science, which was essential in the university context of the quadrivium.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB110028570/

Similar Citations

Article Iolanda Ventura; (2019)
Note sulla traduzione latina del Kitb Al-Adwiya Al-Mufrada (Liber de simplici medicina) di Al-Ghfiq (/isis/citation/CBB179695830/) unapi

Chapter Mohammad Al-Houjairi; (2012)
Sur le théorème de Ménélaüs et ses applications dans les Sphériques de l'Istikmāl d'Ibn Hūd (/isis/citation/CBB755088614/) unapi

Article Nadia Ambrosetti; (2011)
Una traduzione dell'algebra di al-Khwarizmi nella Firenze del XIV secolo (/isis/citation/CBB090905998/) unapi

Book Lindberg, David C.; Shank, Michael H.; (2013)
The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 2, Medieval Science (/isis/citation/CBB001510410/) unapi

Chapter Hélène Bellosta; (2012)
La destinée arabe des Données d’Euclide (/isis/citation/CBB209738412/) unapi

Chapter Filius, Lou; (2007)
The Arabic Transmission of the Historia Animalium of Aristotle (/isis/citation/CBB000930931/) unapi

Article Ivan Garofalo; (2017)
La traduction arabo-latine de la Méthode Thérapeutique attribuée a Gérard de Crémone (/isis/citation/CBB697561333/) unapi

Book Theodosius, ; (2010)
Theodosius, Sphaerica: Arabic and Medieval Latin Translations (/isis/citation/CBB001210412/) unapi

Chapter Roshidi Rashed; (2012)
Actes fondateurs et principaux tournants des mathématiques arabes (/isis/citation/CBB368400399/) unapi

Article Hogendijk, Jan P.; (2003)
The Geometrical Problems of Nu`aim ibn Muḥammad ibn Mūsā (/isis/citation/CBB000411101/) unapi

Article Joël Chandelier; (2020)
The Diffusion and Influence of Arabic Medicine in Late Medieval Europe: An Overview (/isis/citation/CBB207385093/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Moureau, Sébastien
Hogendijk, Jan P.
Filius, Lou
De Young, Gregg
Theodosius
Lorch, Richard P.
Journals
Micrologus: Nature, Sciences and Medieval Societies
Sciamvs: Sources and Commentaries in Exact Sciences
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Bollettino di Storia delle Scienze Matematiche
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Galenos: Rivista di Filologia dei Testi Medici Antichi
Publishers
Edizioni Cadmo
Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Cambridge University Press
Concepts
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Arabic language
Mathematics
Latin language
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Translations
People
Aristotle
Euclid
Avicenna
Nu'aim ibn Muḥammad ibn Musa
Ibn al-Nadim, Abu Al-Faraj Muhammad Ibn Ishaq
Gerard of Cremona
Time Periods
Medieval
Renaissance
16th century
12th century
Ancient
8th century
Places
Europe
Mediterranean region
Basel (Switzerland)
Florence (Italy)
Italy
North Africa
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment