Book ID: CBB109444908

The British Gentry, the Southern Planter, and the Northern Family Farmer: Agriculture and Sectional Antagonism in North America (2015)

unapi

Huston, James L. (Author)


Louisiana State University Press


Publication Date: 2015
Physical Details: 376
Language: English

Drawing on the history of the British gentry to explain the contrasting sentiments of American small farmers and plantation owners, James L. Huston's expansive analysis offers a new understanding of the socioeconomic factors that fueled sectionalism and ignited the American Civil War. This groundbreaking study of agriculture's role in the war defies long-held notions that northern industrialization and urbanization led to clashes between North and South. Rather, Huston argues that the ideological chasm between plantation owners in the South and family farmers in the North led to the political eruption of 1854-56 and the birth of a sectionalized party system. Huston shows that over 70 percent of the northern population-by far the dominant economic and social element-had close ties to agriculture. More invested in egalitarianism and personal competency than in capitalism, small farmers in the North operated under a free labor ideology that emphasized the ideals of independence and mastery over oneself. The ideology of the plantation, by contrast, reflected the conservative ethos of the British aristocracy, which was the product of immense landed inequality and the assertion of mastery over others. By examining the dominant populations in northern and southern congressional districts, Huston reveals that economic interests pitted the plantation South against the small-farm North. The northern shift toward Republicanism depended on farmers, not industrialists: While Democrats won the majority of northern farm congressional districts from 1842 to 1853, they suffered a major defection of these districts from 1854 to 1856, to the antislavery organizations that would soon coalesce into the Republican Party. Utilizing extensive historical research and close examination of the voting patterns in congressional districts across the country, James Huston provides a remarkable new context for the origins of the Civil War.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB109444908/

Similar Citations

Book Sarson, Steven; (2013)
The Tobacco-Plantation South in the Early American Atlantic World (/isis/citation/CBB001451987/) unapi

Article Mattias Smångs; Kent Redding; (2019)
A Match Made in Heaven? Southern Evangelicalism and the Rise and Fall of Agrarian Populism in the 1890s (/isis/citation/CBB377362817/) unapi

Book Michael S. Frawley; (2019)
Industrial development and manufacturing in the Antebellum Gulf South : a reevaluation (/isis/citation/CBB923076440/) unapi

Book Hilde, Libra Rose; (2012)
Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South (/isis/citation/CBB001200639/) unapi

Book Brian Craig Miller; (2015)
Empty Sleeves: Amputation in the Civil War South (/isis/citation/CBB078316403/) unapi

Book Bonds, Russell S.; (2007)
Stealing the General: The Great Locomotive Chase and the First Medal of Honor (/isis/citation/CBB454839209/) unapi

Book Diane Miller Sommerville; (2018)
Aberration of Mind: Suicide and Suffering in the Civil War-Era South (/isis/citation/CBB190745179/) unapi

Book Knight, H. Jackson; (2011)
Confederate Invention: The Story of the Confederate States Patent Office and Its Inventors (/isis/citation/CBB001252221/) unapi

Book R. Douglas Hurt; (2015)
Agriculture and the Confederacy: Policy, Productivity, and Power in the Civil War South (/isis/citation/CBB981352469/) unapi

Book Louis A. Ferleger; John D. Metz; (2014)
Cultivating Success in the South: Farm Households in the Postbellum Era (/isis/citation/CBB064809821/) unapi

Article Phillips, Sarah T.; Potts, Dale; Petty, Adrienne; Schultz, Mark; Stalcup, Sam; Effland, Anne; (2013)
Reflections on One Hundred and Fifty Years of the United States Department of Agriculture (/isis/citation/CBB001320820/) unapi

Book Swanson, Drew A.; (2014)
A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South (/isis/citation/CBB001422341/) unapi

Article Ott, Daniel; (2014)
Producing a Past: McCormick Harvester and Producer Populists in the 1890s (/isis/citation/CBB001320831/) unapi

Article Lynne Feeley; (April 2019)
The Elevationists: Gerrit Smith, Black Agrarianism, and Land Reform in 1840s New York (/isis/citation/CBB944344857/) unapi

Book Whayne, Jeannie M.; (2011)
Delta Empire: Lee Wilson and the Transformation of Agriculture in the New South (/isis/citation/CBB001200642/) unapi

Book Matthew Casey; (2017)
Empire's Guestworkers: Haitian Migrants in Cuba during the Age of US Occupation (/isis/citation/CBB940663421/) unapi

Book Law, Robin; Suzanne, Schwarz; Silke, Strickrodt; (2013)
Commercial Agriculture, the Slave Trade and Slavery in Atlantic Africa (/isis/citation/CBB001422242/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Hilde, Libra Rose
Whayne, Jeannie M.
Knight, H. Jackson
Phillips, Sarah T.
Petty, Adrienne
Stalcup, Sam
Journals
Agricultural History
Journal of Global History
Social Science History
Victorian Literature and Culture
Environmental History
Publishers
Louisiana State University Press
Cambridge University Press
University of North Carolina Press
University of Virginia Press
Boydell & Brewer
Yale University Press
Concepts
Agriculture
Farmers
Plantations
Labor and laborers
Farms
Economic botany; plant cultivation; horticulture
People
Dickens, Charles
Crafts, Hannah
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
18th century
15th century
17th century
Places
United States
Southern states (U.S.)
Arkansas (U.S.)
Caribbean
West Africa
Africa
Institutions
Confederate States of America. Patent Office
United States. Department of Agriculture
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment