Article ID: CBB098894679

Escepticismo, teología y ciencia: el caso del movimiento terrestre (2015)


The Omnipotentia Dei absoluta thesis (any non-contradictory state of fact is possible) was used by theologians as a skeptical argument against any scientific claim unwarranted by biblical exegesis. Mathematical astronomy was bound to build models of data based on physically sound hypothesis acceptable to theology. Fourteenth century theologian Nicolas Oresme weighted the arguments pro Earth and Heavens rotation. Being an expert in mathematics and natural philosophy, concluded the higher plausibility of Earth’s rotation, but skeptical considerations declared those arguments insufficient and the opinion false for scriptural reasons. Seventeenth century setting was much different: Reform induced an increase of catholic fundamentalism, while Galileo’s physical arguments in support of Copernicanism, together with his refutation of Ptolemaic cosmology due to Venus phases, turned the skeptical balance between both systems untenable. Roman theologians being this time ignoramuses in mathematics and physics, condemned Galileo and declared heliocentrism false, physically absurd, and formally heretic.

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Authors & Contributors
Chabás, José
Oresme, Nicole
Goldstein, Bernard R.
Busard, H. L. L.
Wartenberg, Ilana
Taschow, Ulrich
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Sciamvs: Sources and Commentaries in Exact Sciences
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Journal Electronique d'Histoire des Probabilités et de la Statistique
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Franz Steiner Verlag
Sage Publications
Presses Universitaires du Septentrion
Cornell University Press
Avox Medien-Verlag
Alphonsine Tables
Natural philosophy
Oresme, Nicole
Buridan, Jean
Bradwardine, Thomas
Albert of Saxony
Kempe, Margery
Time Periods
14th century
15th century
13th century
16th century
Toledo (Spain)
Paris (France)
Great Britain
Oxford University
Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics (India)
Université de Paris

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