Article ID: CBB091593241

A New Logic: Bacon’s Novum Organum (2021)

unapi

The purpose of this paper is to assess Bacon’s proclamation of the novelty of his Novum Organum. We argue that in the Novum Organum, Bacon reshapes the traditional representation of logic as providing tools for the building of philosophical discourse. For he refuses both an understanding of logic in terms of an ars disserendi, and an approach to philosophy in terms of a discourse of a certain type of necessity and universality. How can Bacon articulate a logic, that is, a set of rules with formal features, on the basis of a distrust of the paradigm of discourse? This seemingly paradoxical definition of logic follows from Bacon’s rejection of the conception of the scientific reasoning provided by the Organon. It also stems from his reworking of Aristotle’s semiotics, in an effort to deal with the gap between what reality consists in and what the mind perceives of it.

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Authors & Contributors
Rossi, Paolo Aldo
Clucas, Stephen
Evra, James W. Van
Fletcher, Angus
Goyet, Francis
Mercer, Christia
Journals
History and Philosophy of Logic
Perspectives on Science
Journal of the History of Philosophy
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Oxford Studies on Early Modern Philosophy
Publishers
University of Pittsburgh Press
University of Chicago Press
Boston University
Olschki
Concepts
Philosophy
Logic
Mathematics
Semiotics
Natural philosophy
Philosophy of science
People
Descartes, René
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Gassendi, Pierre
Aristotle
Bruno, Giordano
Time Periods
17th century
16th century
18th century
19th century
15th century
Enlightenment
Places
Great Britain
Netherlands
Florence (Italy)
Europe
Italy
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