Article ID: CBB076699513

Understanding viruses: Philosophical investigations (2016)

unapi

Viruses have been virtually absent from philosophy of biology. In this editorial introduction, we explain why we think viruses are philosophically important. We focus on six issues (the definition of viruses, the individuality and diachronic identity of a virus, the possibility to classify viruses into species, the question of whether viruses are living, the question of whether viruses are organisms, and finally the biological roles of viruses in ecology and evolution), and we show how they relate to classic questions of philosophy of biology and even general philosophy.

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Authors & Contributors
Sankaran, Neeraja
Horzinek, M. C.
Levina, Elena S.
Calisher, C. H.
Kammen, A. van
Schmiedebach, Heinz-Peter
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Historical Records of Australian Science
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Journal of the History of Biology
Studies in History of Biology
Publishers
Springer
University of Chicago Press
Nauka
Smithsonian Books
University of Pittsburgh Press
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Concepts
Virology
Microbiology
Development; growth; life; death
Philosophy of biology
Molecular biology
Medicine
People
Beijerinck, Martinus Willem
Burnet, Frank Macfarlane
Loeffler, Friedrich
Stanley, Wendell Meredith
Zil'ber, Lev Aleksandrovich
Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant, Vicente
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
19th century
Places
Australia
Russia
Valencia (Spain)
United States
Soviet Union
Europe
Institutions
Institut Pasteur, Paris
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