Article ID: CBB073054408

Taking a Stand: Exploring the Role of the Scientists prior to the First Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, 1957 (2013)

unapi

In 1957, a small group of world-renown scientists gathered in Pugwash, Nova Scotia to discuss the growing threat of nuclear arms. Funded by industrialist Cyrus Eaton and spearheaded by philosopher Bertrand Russell and physicist Joseph Rotblat, this 1957 meeting founded an organization of scientists that believed they had a duty to speak out against escalating nuclear testing and what they saw as the irresponsible use of science. However, not every scientist felt that it was appropriate to take a public and political stand. This paper gives a brief history of the Pugwash movement and how its first meeting came to be held in Pugwash, Nova Scotia. The perspectives of involved scientists are examined, contrasting the attitudes of participants in the conference with the attitudes of scientists who declined a public role. This paper explores how scientists perceived their own responsibility to act, examining the willingness to use their cultural identity as scientists to lobby for a particular political position.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB073054408/

Similar Citations

Article Leeming, Mark; (2013)
The Creation of Radicalism: Anti-Nuclear Activism in Nova Scotia, c. 1972--1979 (/isis/citation/CBB001550537/) unapi

Book Andrew S. Tompkins; (2016)
Better Active than Radioactive!: Anti-Nuclear Protest in 1970s France and West Germany (/isis/citation/CBB037500265/) unapi

Book Brown, Andrew; (2012)
Keeper of the Nuclear Conscience: The Life and Work of Joseph Rotblat (/isis/citation/CBB001200110/) unapi

Article Barbara Keys; (2018)
The Telephone and Its Uses in 1980s U.S. Activism (/isis/citation/CBB979202636/) unapi

Article Grattan-Guinness, Ivor; (2009)
Bertrand Russell (1872--1970), Man of Dissent (/isis/citation/CBB001022694/) unapi

Book John Francis; (2009)
Planetwalker: 22 Years of Walking. 17 Years of Silence. (/isis/citation/CBB182503730/) unapi

Article M. X. Mitchell; (2021)
The Cosmology of Evidence: Suffering, Science, and Biological Witness After Three Mile Island (/isis/citation/CBB799186607/) unapi

Article Eugene Cittadino; (2018)
Barry Commoner and Paul Sears on Project Chariot: Epiphany, Ecology, and the Atomic Energy Commission (/isis/citation/CBB667360733/) unapi

Thesis Michelle Claire Grise; (2017)
Inside the Nuclear Labyrinth: Science and Security in the Making of Contemporary Pakistan, 1947-1998 (/isis/citation/CBB885985275/) unapi

Thesis Christopher Thomas Dunlap; (2017)
Parallel Power Play: Nuclear Technology and Diplomacy in Argentina and Brazil, 1945-1995 (/isis/citation/CBB042810236/) unapi

Book Masco, Joseph; (2006)
The Nuclear Borderlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold War New Mexico (/isis/citation/CBB000741824/) unapi

Thesis Richter, Jennifer; (2013)
New Mexico's Nuclear Enchantment: Local Politics, National Imperatives, and Radioactive Waste Disposal (/isis/citation/CBB001567530/) unapi

Book Schmid, Sonja D.; (2015)
Producing Power: The Pre-Chernobyl History of the Soviet Nuclear Industry (/isis/citation/CBB001510002/) unapi

Book Rodney P. Carlisle; Joan M. Zenzen; (1996)
Supplying the Nuclear Arsenal: American Production-reactors, 1942-1992 (/isis/citation/CBB967814772/) unapi

Article Mahdi Khelfaoui; (2014)
Le nucléaire dans la stratégie énergétique du Québec, 1963-2012 (/isis/citation/CBB199250730/) unapi

Article Rubinson, Paul; (2011)
“Crucified on a Cross of Atoms”: Scientists, Politics, and the Test Ban Treaty (/isis/citation/CBB001231508/) unapi

Book Zelko, Frank S.; (2013)
Make It a Green Peace! The Rise of Countercultural Environmentalism (/isis/citation/CBB001212964/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Kosek, Jake
Norwood, Vera
Correia, David
Masco, Joseph
Grattan-Guinness, Ivor
Parr, Joy
Journals
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Comparative Studies in Society and History
Diplomatic History
Canadian Historical Review
Scientia Canadensis: Journal of the History of Canadian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Social History of Medicine
Publishers
Oxford University Press
Princeton University Press
The MIT Press
University of New Mexico
University of Chicago
National Geographic Society
Concepts
Nuclear weapons; atomic weapons
Nuclear industry
Political activists and activism
Science and politics
Nuclear power stations
Environmentalism
People
Russell, Bertrand Arthur William
Rotblat, Joseph
Francis, John
Sears, Paul Bigelow
Commoner, Barry
Places
United States
New Mexico (U.S.)
Great Britain
Canada
Warsaw (Poland)
Soviet Union
Times
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
Institutions
Greenpeace
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (1968)
United States. Atomic Energy Commission
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment