Article ID: CBB072641515

Astronomy and Architecture in the Maya Lowlands (2016)

unapi

This article summarises recent systematic research into the use and significance of astronomical orientations in ancient Maya architecture, and shows how by applying a more rigorous methodology to a large number of orientations we were able to detect alignment patterns that shed light on the validity of former hypotheses and provide a basis for novel interpretations. Our measurements and analysis confirm that orientations to the Sun’s position on the horizon, which largely prevail, allowed the use of observational calendars composed of multiples of 13 and 20 days and were also intended to facilitate proper scheduling of agricultural activities. Further, while some buildings recorded Venus extremes, a previously unknown orientation group has been found to refer to major lunar standstill positions. Some important buildings, aside from exhibiting astronomical orientations, are aligned to prominent features of natural or cultural landscape, implying a deliberate selection of these places for their construction. Discussing some relevant contextual evidence, we argue that Maya architectural and urban planning was dictated by a complex set of rules, in which astronomical considerations and their practical uses were embedded in a broader framework of cosmological concepts.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB072641515/

Similar Citations

Article N. L. Furbee; R. J. Jiménez; (2016)
Disarticulated Dual Seasons And Maya Cosmology In Highland Maya Communities (/isis/citation/CBB572326722/)

Article Steven Gullberg; J McKim Malville; (2014)
The River Intihuatana: Huaca Sanctuary on the Urubamba (/isis/citation/CBB095812274/)

Article R. Perez-Enriquez; J. Galindo Trejo; (2016)
Basis Of A Gnomonic Paradigm In Mesoamerica: The Case Of Mayapan (/isis/citation/CBB825421872/)

Article Ivan Leibowicz; Ricardo Moyano; Alejandro Ferrari; Félix Acuto; Cristian Jacob; (2016)
Archaeoastronomy on Inca Sites in the Argentine Northwest (/isis/citation/CBB589675006/)

Article Jeffrey Ryan Vadala; Susan Milbrath; (2016)
Using Virtual Reality to Understand Astronomical Knowledge and Historical Landscapes at Preclassic Cerros, Belize (/isis/citation/CBB087892399/)

Article Steven R. Gullberg; (2015)
Marking Time in the Inca Empire (/isis/citation/CBB771230966/)

Article R. Moyano; (2016)
The Crossover Among The Incas In The Collasuyu (/isis/citation/CBB754564988/)

Article Stanislaw Iwaniszewski; Jesús Galindo Trejo; (2016)
The Starry Deer Caiman and Structure 44 at Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Mexico (/isis/citation/CBB994108800/)

Article S Iwaniszewski; (2014)
The Mesoamerican 6,940-day Cycle Reconsidered (/isis/citation/CBB647223024/)

Article S. Iwaniszewski; (2016)
Another Look At The Lunar Series At Dos Pilas, Guatemala (/isis/citation/CBB698572984/)

Article V. R. Tiede; (2016)
Ara Pacis Avgvstae: An Astro-Archaeological Analysis (/isis/citation/CBB294902373/)

Article Anthony F. Aveni, William Saturno; Stuart, David; (2013)
Astronomical Implications of Maya Hieroglyphic Notations at Xultun (/isis/citation/CBB001252568/)

Article Saturno, William A.; Stuart, David; Aveni, Anthony F.; Rossi, Franco; (2012)
Ancient Maya Astronomical Tables from Xultun, Guatemala (/isis/citation/CBB001320477/)

Article Aldana, Gerardo; (2002)
Solar Stelae and a Venus Window: Science and Royal Personality in Late Classic Copán (/isis/citation/CBB000202568/)

Article Mendez, Alonso; Barnhart, Edwin L.; Powell, Christopher; Karasik, Carol; (2005)
Astronomical Observations from the Temple of the Sun (/isis/citation/CBB001252023/)

Article Iwaniszewski, Stanislaw; (2004)
Glyphs D and E of the Lunar Series at Yaxchilan and Piedras Negras (/isis/citation/CBB001252016/)

Article Aylesworth, Grant R.; (2004)
Astronomical Interpretations of Ancient Maya E-Group Architectural Complexes (/isis/citation/CBB001252015/)

Authors & Contributors
Iwaniszewski, Stanislaw
Aldana, Gerardo Villalobos
Stuart, David C.
Gullberg, Steven
Moyano, Ricardo
Galindo Trejo, Jesús
Journals
Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Archaeoastronomy: The Journal of Astronomy in Culture
Journal of Skyscape Archaeology
Archeoastronomy (Supplement to Journal for the History of Astronomy)
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Science
Concepts
Mayan civilization
Archaeoastronomy
Aztecs
Incas
Amerindians
Calendars
Time Periods
Precolumbian period (America)
9th century
Ancient
8th century
15th century
16th century
Places
Central America
Mexico
Guatemala
Argentina
Belize
Machu Picchu
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment