Article ID: CBB070234266

Seeing Sounds? Styling Vision? The mechanical visualisation of acoustic phenomena in cardiac diagnostics around 1900 (2012)

unapi

During the nineteenth century, physicians and physiologists attempted to translate heart sounds into graphs with the help of phonocardiographic instruments. This shift required the adaption for changing diagnostic concepts from feeling to seeing. On a technical level, complicated tools had to be invented to transform sounds and murmurs into optically accessible graphs or images. The reasoning for why physicians were striving to transform one sense into another has yet to be addressed. In this paper, we analysed the transduction of sound signals in graphs in medical diagnostics and discuss the driving forces behind phonocardiography, which was developed around 1900. Using Ludwik Fleck's concept of thought collectives and thought styles, we explain specific diagnostic style developments in phonocardiography as an intertwined process that reconciles hearing, seeing and thinking styles with engineering technology. Our hypothesis is that self-evident concepts of mechanically produced images drove the development of technology—based diagnostic procedures that use sound to produce images.

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https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB070234266/

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Authors & Contributors
Dai, Wu-san
Price, Jay M.
Barlow, Teddie
Mershon, James
Johannisson, Karin
Serlin, David
Journals
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Zhongguo Keji Shiliao (China Historical Materials of Science and Technology)
Agricultural History
Polhem: Tidskrift för Teknikhistoria
History of Science
Würzburger Medizinhistorische Mitteilungen
Publishers
University of Chicago Press
The University
University of Chicago
Manchester University Press
Concepts
Medical technology
Diagnosis
Medicine
Cardiology
Engineering, biomedical
Physiology
People
Fleck, Ludwik
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Erlanger, Joseph
Howell, William Henry
Gasser, Herbert Spencer
Descartes, René
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
United States
China
Poland
Germany
Canada
Institutions
University of California, Berkeley
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
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