Article ID: CBB063981426

Hacking Airspace: The Insurgent Technology of Brazil's Hot Air Balloons, 1970–Present (January 2021)

unapi

The creation of unmanned, artistic hot air balloons in Brazil represents an insurgent technology—developed independently by technicians at the margins of society in conflict with formal technological systems. Brazil has a long tradition of launching hot air balloons at Catholic festivals. In the mid twentieth century, balloons became a secular art form beyond saints' days. As the secular practice grew, balloonists created increasingly larger aircraft, requiring complex technical expertise. By the 1970s and 1980s, teams were making technically and artistically elaborate balloons up to 105 meters high and carrying hundreds of kilos of fireworks, banners, or lanterns. Thanks to their soaring popularity, thousands of balloons were launched every year. They also posed a serious risk of fire and collision with other aircraft. Consequently, authorities criminalized their creators, the "baloeiros," under penalty of imprisonment.

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Authors & Contributors
Henrique Cukierman
Costa, Renato da Gama-Rosa
Sanglard, Gisele
Souza, Christiane Maria Cruz de
Justo, Célia Maria Patriani
Gomes, Mara H. de Andréa
Journals
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
Business History Review
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Transfers
History and Technology
Publishers
Oneworld
University of California, San Diego
Oxford University Press
Garamond
Concepts
Public health
Medicine
Technology and art
Technology and society
Popularization
Science and politics
People
Porto d'Ave, A.
Kardec, Allan
Mello-Leitão, Cândido de
Tarsila do Amaral
Places
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
São Paulo (Brazil)
United States
Bahia (Brazil)
Pakistan
Times
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
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