Article ID: CBB063823041

The Date of Christ's Crucifixion and the Earth's Rotation (2023)

unapi

Two dates 7 April AD 30 and 3 April AD 33 have remained as the candidate dates of the Crucifixion of Christ. This paper concludes that the Crucifixion was 7 April AD 30. Firstly, people in Jerusalem experienced a total solar eclipse at around the day of the Crucifixion from which the date of the solar eclipse should be 24 November AD 29. We obtain the range of the delay ΔT of the time measured by the rotation of the Earth from the uniform time is 8569s < ΔT < 8949s assuming the solar eclipse was total at Jerusalem. Secondly the lunar eclipse mentioned in the Revelation to John, the Acts of Apostles, and the Report of Pontius Pilate should have been on 9 December AD 29. In fact, the four Gospels do not talk about a lunar eclipse on the day of the Crucifixion. On the other hand, the Report of Pontius Pilate says that a lunar eclipse was on the day of the Crucifixion. However, the lunar eclipse on 3 April AD 33 does not match the celestial circumstances described in the Report of Pontius Pilate. This implies that 3 April AD 33 was not the date of the Crucifixion. In the Concluding Remarks we discuss the differences of the authors and of their information among various books such as four Gospels, Revelation to John, Acts of Apostles, and Report of Pontius Pilate.

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Article Shi Yunli (2023) Introduction. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage (pp. 281-281). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Daniela Sánchez-Giraldo
Edwin A. Quintero-Salazar
Themis G. Dallas
Pier Franco Nali
Ziegler, Joseph
Zangger, Eberhard
Journals
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Journal of Skyscape Archaeology
Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Micrologus: Nature, Sciences and Medieval Societies
Synthese
Publishers
World Scientific Publishing Co.
Concepts
Celestial mechanics
Earth (planet)
Astronomy
Sun
Science and religion
Rituals
People
Jesus Christ
Galilei, Galileo
Riccò, Annibale
Giles of Lessines
von Hohenburg, Hans Georg Herwart
Soury, Jules
Time Periods
Medieval
19th century
17th century
Renaissance
Ancient
16th century
Places
Europe
Middle and Near East
Anatolia (Turkey)
Colombia
Netherlands
Italy
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