Article ID: CBB062296277

Modeling Computers and Computer Models: Manufacturing Economic-Planning Projects in Cold War Taiwan, 1959–1968 (October 2018)

unapi

Tinn, Honghong (Author)


Technology and Culture
Volume: 59
Issue: 5, supplement
Pages: S66-S99


Publication Date: October 2018
Edition Details: Supplemental issue of Technology and Culture (October 2018): Shift CTRL. Computing and New Media as Global, Cultural, Sociopolitical, and Ecological
Language: English

This article traces the process in which Taiwanese economic bureaucrats, a Cornell economics professor, and pioneering computer users worked together to visualize, represent, and make sense of economic activities in Taiwan through inter-industry input-output tables. The article highlights three ways in which the production of economic knowledge was contingent on computer power and geopolitics. First, it unpacks the participation of Taiwanese historical actors at the frontlines of Cold War economic competition between Taiwan and China. Second, the article reveals how U.S. and UN aid provided the necessary technological resources for relevant econometric calculations. Finally, the stochastic nature of economic planning is illustrated in the constant adjustment of inter-industry tables to the capacity of available computers for its arduous calculation and interpretation of incomprehensive data. In sum, this article elaborates on the critical role of computing technology during the Cold War, especially in an East Asian geopolitical context.

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Article Thomas S. Mullaney (October 2018) Shift CTRL. Computing and New Media as Global, Cultural, Sociopolitical, and Ecological. Technology and Culture (pp. 1-6). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB062296277/

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Authors & Contributors
O'Reagan, Douglas Michael
Sargent, Daniel
Connelly, John
Mulligan, Deirdre
Morgan, Mary S.
Bernstein, Michael A.
Journals
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Comparative Technology Transfer and Society
Technology and Culture
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Icon: Journal of the International Committee for the History of Technology
Publishers
University of California, Berkeley
Bathtub Row Press
Concepts
Cold War
Computers and computing
Technology transfer
History of Computing
Computer Simulation
Models and modeling in science
People
Lang, David
Doctorow, Cory
Gershenfeld, Neil A.
Mao, Zedong
John F. Kennedy
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
20th century, late
Places
United States
Taiwan
Germany
France
Great Britain
Soviet Union
Institutions
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
Club of Rome
General Electric Company
Control Data Corporation
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