Chapter ID: CBB057726977

Women and Mathematics at the Universities in Prague (2020)


The chapter is devoted to the largely unknown and mostly forgotten history of female candidates of Ph.D. degree in mathematics at the German University in Prague during its whole existence (1882–1945) and at the Czech University in Prague (1882–1920), respectively, at the Charles University in Prague (1920–1945). In the first part, a short description of the historical background (for instance, woman’s studies at the secondary schools and universities in the Czech lands, the rules and regulations of the process for obtaining the doctoral degrees as well as a statistical overview of all Ph.D. degrees in mathematics awarded at both universities in Prague) is given for a better understanding of the situation and some difficulties with the female doctoral procedures. In the second part, a detailed analysis of the successful doctoral procedures of three women graduated in mathematics at the German University in Prague, and the successful doctoral procedures of eight women (one graduated at the Czech University in Prague and seven graduated at the Charles University in Prague) and one unsuccessful doctoral procedure at the Charles University in Prague is presented with showing their families’ background, their life stories, professional activities, mathematical interests and results and fates of their families and relatives. The text is based on the deep and long time studies of various funds of the Archive of the Charles University in Prague, the Archive of the Czech Technical University in Prague, the National Archive of the Czech Republic (Prague), the Archive of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Prague), the Prague City Archives, the Jewish Museum in Prague and some special local archives which collected the register books of births, marriages and deaths, respectively, on the studies of the proceedings of secondary schools which are deposited in the special collection in the National Library of the Czech Republic (Prague-Hostivař).

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Book Eva Kaufholz-Soldat; Nicola M. R. Oswald (2020) Against All Odds: Women’s Ways to Mathematical Research Since 1800. unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Oswald, Nicola M. R.
Kaufholz-Soldat, Eva
Crippa, Davide
Hobbs, S. V.
Millett, L.I.
Katharina Spieß
British Journal for the History of Mathematics
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Science in Context
Science and Education
Journal of the History of Biology
Historia Mathematica
Springer International Publishing
Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Mathematics education
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Women mathematicians
Education (graduate)
Universities and colleges
Löw, Jan František
Pringsheim, Ernst G.
Burali-Forti, Cesare
Wolff, Christian von
Westerdijk, Johanna
Stutte, Wikbold
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
18th century
21st century
20th century, early
17th century
Prague (Czechia)
Prussia (Germany)
University of Prague
Univerzita Karlova
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Würzburg. Universität
Göttingen. Universität
Habsburg, House of

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