Article ID: CBB052963020

"Changing Scale to Master Nature: Promoting Small-scale Inventions in Eighteenth-century France and Britain". (Original title: "Producers and Consumers Negotiating Scale: Micro-Inventions in Eighteenth-century France and Britain." On-line title changed by author post production.) (October 2020)

unapi

Thébaud-Sorger, Marie (Author)


Technology and Culture
Volume: 61
Issue: 4
Pages: 1076-1107


Publication Date: October 2020
Edition Details: Special Issue: Manufacturing Modernity: Innovations in Early Modern Europe
Language: English

This article examines the social embedding of technical inventions in Britain and France in the second half of the eighteenth century. Small-scale artefacts to improve everyday life marked a new relationship between techniques, public culture, and forces of nature. The ways that micro-inventions such as domestic devices were disseminated through print media, models, and exhibitions demonstrate how inventive strategies and public expectations affected innovation. Producers and users interacted to shape market inventions. Solutions to the problem of ventilation highlight how the dynamics of scale shaped technical inventions, enabling their promotion as multidimensional objects of social reform. Indeed, conceptualizing technologies as scalable transformed prior perceptions of humans' ability to harness nature (such as making noxious air breathable). Civic improvements and industrial innovation also fostered a new materiality, changing how societies perceived their natural environment as well as their impact on it.

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Associated with

Article Adam Lucas (October 2020) Manufacturing Modernity: Innovations in Early Modern Europe—An Introduction. Technology and Culture (pp. 995-1016). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB052963020/

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Authors & Contributors
Hilaire-Pérez, Liliane
Tann, Jennifer
MacLeod, Christine
Stein, Jeremy
Andrew, James H.
Hills, Richard Leslie
Journals
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology
History and Technology
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Transactions - Newcomen Society for the Study of the History of Engineering and Technology
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
Technology and Culture
Publishers
Albin Michel
Landmark Publishing
Editions du CTHS
Cambridge University Press
Prentice-Hall
Grove Press
Concepts
Inventors and invention
Technology
Technological innovation
Engineering
Industrial revolution
Technology and culture
People
Newcomen, Thomas
Roberts, Richard
Gainsborough, Humphrey
Kulibin, Ivan Petrovich
Franklin, Benjamin
Places
Great Britain
France
United States
England
Russia
Italy
Times
18th century
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
Enlightenment
17th century
Institutions
Great Britain. Royal Navy
Sankt-Peterburgskii Akademia Nauk
Bell Telephone Laboratories
American Telephone and Telegraph Company
Motorola
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