Article ID: CBB050633922

La logique est-elle une science de classification? Sur une crise de la classification dans la logique au xixe siècle (2016)

unapi

Usually, classification is said to belong to the study of logic. On what grounds? One might answer in assuming that logic essentially operates on classes, and that as such it is the general science of classifications. It is the conception that classical logic had conveyed since Aristotle and even more since Porphyrius. These habits were shaken up by 19th century science. On the one hand, empirical sciences were creating taxonomies independent of the abstract and a priori knowledge provided by logicians, up to the point that these latter rather came to borrow methods to chemistry, botanic or mineralogy. On the other hand, the development of symbolic logic renewed the understanding of logic itself: far from being a general theory of classification, it may resort to the classification of its own objects (sets, functions, symbols and so on).

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Authors & Contributors
Rossi, Paolo Aldo
Clucas, Stephen
Galavotti, Maria Carla
McOuat, Gordon
Atkins, Richard Kenneth
Forster, Paul D.
Journals
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Archives of Natural History
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Perspectives on Science
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
University of Chicago Press
University Press of America
Oxford University Press
Birkhäuser/Springer
Concepts
Philosophy of science
Philosophy
Logic
Classification of knowledge
Mathematics
Epistemology
People
Peirce, Charles Sanders
Vailati, Giovanni
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Aristotle
Bruno, Giordano
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
17th century
18th century
16th century
Places
Italy
United States
Eastern Europe
Central Europe
Great Britain
Poland
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