Article ID: CBB050633922

La logique est-elle une science de classification? Sur une crise de la classification dans la logique au xixe siècle (2016)


Usually, classification is said to belong to the study of logic. On what grounds? One might answer in assuming that logic essentially operates on classes, and that as such it is the general science of classifications. It is the conception that classical logic had conveyed since Aristotle and even more since Porphyrius. These habits were shaken up by 19th century science. On the one hand, empirical sciences were creating taxonomies independent of the abstract and a priori knowledge provided by logicians, up to the point that these latter rather came to borrow methods to chemistry, botanic or mineralogy. On the other hand, the development of symbolic logic renewed the understanding of logic itself: far from being a general theory of classification, it may resort to the classification of its own objects (sets, functions, symbols and so on).

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Andrei Pop; (2019)
A Forest of Symbols: Art, Science, and Truth in the Long Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB367730685/)

Chapter Luca Guidetti; (2018)
Il problema dell'analogia in Ernst Mach (/isis/citation/CBB358140394/)

Article Atkins, Richard Kenneth; (2006)
Restructuring the Sciences: Peirce's Categories and His Classifications of the Sciences (/isis/citation/CBB001023423/)

Book Forster, Paul; (2011)
Peirce and the Threat of Nominalism (/isis/citation/CBB001210617/)

Article Minghui Ma; Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen; (2022)
Peirce’s Dragon-Head Logic (R 501, 1901) (/isis/citation/CBB399393209/)

Article Elodie Cassan; (2021)
A New Logic: Bacon’s Novum Organum (/isis/citation/CBB091593241/)

Chapter Lara Piersanti; (2000)
Vailati e Russell (/isis/citation/CBB615477680/)

Book Schumann, Andrew; (2013)
Logic in Central and Eastern Europe: History, Science, and Discourse (/isis/citation/CBB001213928/)

Book Giovanni Vailati; Claudia Arrighi; Paola Cantù; Mauro De Zan; Patrick Suppes; (2010)
Logic and Pragmatism: Selected Essays by Giovanni Vailati (/isis/citation/CBB877530276/)

Chapter Silvio Bozzi; (2000)
Vailati e la logica (/isis/citation/CBB852479099/)

Book Capecchi, Danilo; (2012)
History of Virtual Work Laws: A History of Mechanics Prospective (/isis/citation/CBB001451126/)

Article McOuat, Gordon; (2003)
The Logical Systematist: George Bentham and His Outline of a New System of Logic (/isis/citation/CBB000501811/)

Book McCorristine, Shane; (2010)
Spectres of the Self: Thinking about Ghosts and Ghost-Seeing in England, 1750--1920 (/isis/citation/CBB001214688/)

Article Galavotti, Maria Carla; (2003)
Harold Jeffreys' Probabilistic Epistemology: Between Logicism and Subjectivism (/isis/citation/CBB000410716/)

Book Patterson, Douglas; (2008)
New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy (/isis/citation/CBB001232382/)

Book Rossi, Paolo; (2000)
Logic and the Art of Memory: The Quest for a Universal Language (/isis/citation/CBB000101788/)

Authors & Contributors
Rossi, Paolo Aldo
Clucas, Stephen
Galavotti, Maria Carla
McOuat, Gordon
Atkins, Richard Kenneth
Forster, Paul D.
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Archives of Natural History
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Perspectives on Science
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
University of Chicago Press
University Press of America
Oxford University Press
Philosophy of science
Classification of knowledge
Peirce, Charles Sanders
Vailati, Giovanni
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Bruno, Giordano
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
17th century
18th century
16th century
United States
Eastern Europe
Central Europe
Great Britain

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment