Article ID: CBB048196927

The History of Science and Medicine in the Context of COVID-19 (2020)


This spotlight issue encourages reflection on the current COVID-19 pandemic, not simply through comparisons with previous epidemics, but also by illustrating that epidemics deserve study within their broader cultural, political, scientific, and geographic contexts. Epidemics are not solely a function of pathogens; they are also a function of how society is structured, how political power is wielded in the name of public health, how quantitative data is collected, how diseases are categorised and modelled, and how histories of disease are narrated. Each of these activities has its own history. As historians of science and medicine have long pointed out, even the most basic methodologies that underpin scientific research—observation, trust in numbers, the use of models, even the experimental method itself—have a history. They should not be taken as a given, but understood as processes, or even strategies, that were negotiated, argued for and against, and developed within particular historical contexts and explanatory schemes. Knowing the history of something—whether of numbers, narratives, or disease—enables us to see a broader range of trajectories available to us. These varied histories also remind us that we are currently in the midst of a chaotic drama of uncertainty, within our own unstable and unfolding narrative.

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Authors & Contributors
Cohn, Samuel K., Jr.
Poliana Maia
Justi, Rosaria
Monique Santos
Pépin, Jacques
Fang, Xiaoping
Journal of Global History
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Medicina Historica
Historical Research: The Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research
Cambridge University Press
University of Pittsburgh Press
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Zed Books
Public health
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Medicine and society
Disease and diseases
Mao, Zedong
Mill, John Stuart
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
20th century, early
16th century
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Great Britain
New Zealand

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