Book ID: CBB030333227

Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Aristotle to CRISPR (2022)


Guerrini, Anita (Author)

Johns Hopkins University Press

Publication Date: 2022
Physical Details: 216
Language: English

Experimentation on animals―particularly humans―is often assumed to be a uniquely modern phenomenon. But the ideas and attitudes that encourage biological and medical scientists to experiment on living creatures date from the earliest expressions of Western thought. In Experimenting with Humans and Animals, Anita Guerrini looks at the history of these practices and examines the philosophical and ethical arguments that justified them. Guerrini discusses key historical episodes in the use of living beings in science and medicine, including the discovery of blood circulation, the development of smallpox and polio vaccines, and recent research in genetics, ecology, and animal behavior. She also explores the rise of the antivivisection movement in Victorian England, the modern animal rights movement, and current debates over gene therapy and genetically engineered animals. We learn how perceptions and understandings of human and animal pain have changed; how ideas of class, race, and gender have defined the human research subject; and that the ethical values of science seldom stray far from the society in which scientists live and work. Thoroughly rewritten and updated, with new material in every chapter, the book emphasizes a broader understanding of experimentation and adds material on gene therapy, self-experimentation, and prisoners and slaves as experimental subjects. A new chapter brings the story up to the present while reflecting on the current regulatory scene, new developments in science, and emerging genomics. Experimenting with Humans and Animals offers readers a context within which to understand more fully the responsibility we all bear for the suffering inflicted on other living beings in the name of scientific knowledge.

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Authors & Contributors
King, Helen
Guerrini, Anita
Pender, Stephen
Endersby, Jim
Wolters, Christine
Harrison, Mark
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Johns Hopkins University Press
Harvard University Press
Franz Steiner Verlag
Yale University Press
Animal experimentation
Medicine and ethics
Medicine, general histories
Experimental organisms
Human experimentation
Experiments and experimentation
Harvey, William
Fernel, Jean François
Albertus Magnus
Descartes, René
Time Periods
Early modern
20th century
20th century, early
United States
London (England)
Washington (state, U.S.)
Königlich Preußischen Institut für experimentelle Therapie
Georg Speyer-Haus
Hanford Nuclear Site (Washington)
National Institute of Health (U.S.)

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