Article ID: CBB026130989

Questioning and Disputing Vaccination Policies. Scientists and Experts in the Italian Public Debate (2022)


Most literature about vaccine hesitancy has been focused on parental attitudes. Less attention has been devoted to both scientists and experts (general practitioners, pediatricians, health care professionals and science journalists) who raise criticism about immunization policies and intervene in the public debate. This consideration aims to balance the current emphasis in the literature on parents’ attitudes about vaccination, offering a complementary angle to reframe and widen the controversy. Focusing on scientists and experts (who can shape and feed parents and people's attitude), an unattended complex picture of multiple attitudes towards vaccines and vaccinations has been discovered through a qualitative content analysis (QCA) of texts (appeared in the Italian press, TV and pop-science books) related to the harsh public debate, held between March 2017 and November 2018, triggered by the legislative proposal of making ten vaccinations mandatory for children. Unlike oversemplications that misleading dichotomies (such as orthodox and heterodox positions, Western science / Western medicine versus alternative medicine) reproduce, the analysis reveals nine different positions along the continuum of immunisation attitudes, ranging from radical acceptance of vaccinations (both compulsory and recommended) to radical rejection, which constitute a fuzzy set. Consequently, a twofold reality emerges: on the surface, the conflict seems between pro-vaxxers versus hesitant, pro-choice and anti-vaxxers; beneath it is amid standardized versus a varieties of contextual and personalised approaches to health.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Choon Key Chekar; Hyomin Kim; (2022)
COVID-19 Exceptionalism: Explaining South Korean Responses (/isis/citation/CBB527253772/)

Article Catherine D Tan; (April 2021)
Defending ‘snake oil’: The preservation of contentious knowledge and practices (/isis/citation/CBB517095153/)

Chapter Silvia Garofalo; (2018)
Dal caso Tremante alla nascita dei movimenti no-vax in Italia (/isis/citation/CBB648845123/)

Book Cristina Munno; Elena Iorio; (2018)
Vaccini e paure. Salute pubblica, resistenze popolari (/isis/citation/CBB068311554/)

Article Dóra Vargha; (2021)
The Vaccine (/isis/citation/CBB629702975/)

Article Jaehwan Hyun; (2022)
Introduction to a Forum on the Socio-Material History of Face Masks (/isis/citation/CBB526551412/)

Article Durant, Darrin; (October 2011)
Models of democracy in social studies of science (/isis/citation/CBB562394056/)

Article Monamie Bhadra Haines; (February 2019)
Contested credibility economies of nuclear power in India (/isis/citation/CBB710438620/)

Article Wesley Shrum; John Aggrey; Andre Campos; Janaina Pamplona da Costa; Jan Joseph; Pablo Kreimer; Rhiannon Kroeger; Leandro Rodriguez Medina; Paige Miller; Antony Palackal; Ana Pandal de la Peza; Abou Traore; (October 2020)
Who’s afraid of Ebola? Epidemic fires and locative fears in the Information Age (/isis/citation/CBB307916719/)

Article Federico Brandmayr; (May 2017)
How Social Scientists Make Causal Claims in Court: Evidence from the L’Aquila Trial (/isis/citation/CBB603433424/)

Article Giuseppe Armocida; (2020)
Di nuovo una storia vecchia. L’emergenza Coronavirus (/isis/citation/CBB710967498/)

Article Heewon Kim; Hyungsub Choi; (2022)
From Hwangsa to COVID-19: The Rise of Mass Masking in South Korea (/isis/citation/CBB111043948/)

Article Wen-Hua Kuo; (September 2020)
Editor’s Note: Prospects for STS and the COVID-19 Pandemic (/isis/citation/CBB644209118/)

Authors & Contributors
Iorio, Elena
Munno, Cristina
Tomasi, Marta
Heewon Kim
Choi, Hyungsub
Tognotti, Eugenia
Social Studies of Science
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Science, Technology and Human Values
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Cierre edizioni
Franco Angeli
MIT Press
Medicine and society
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Vaccines; vaccination
Public health
Time Periods
21st century
20th century
19th century
18th century
20th century, late
South Korea
East Asia
Great Britain

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment