Article ID: CBB021785102

Synthesis of contraries: Hughlings Jackson on sensory-motor representation in the brain (2019)


This paper examines the concept of representation in the brain which occurs in the writings of the neurologist John Hughlings Jackson (1835–1911). Jackson was immersed in Victorian physiological psychology, a hybrid of British associationism and a reflex theory of the operation of the nervous system. Furthermore, Jackson was deeply influenced by Herbert Spencer, and I argue that Spencer's progressivist evolutionary ideas are in tension with the more mechanistic approach of the reflex theory. I also discuss Jackson's legacy in the 20th century and the longstanding debate about localisation of function in the brain.

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Authors & Contributors
Waizbort, Ricardo
Martins, Lilian Al-Chueyer Pereira
Brzezinski Prestes, María Elice de
Stefano, Waldir
Steinberg, David A.
Wolfe, Charles T.
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Journal of Medical Biography
College Publications
Fundo Mackenzie de Pesquisa
The Wellcome Trust Center for the History of Medicine at University College London
Palgrave Macmillan
Oxford University Press
University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Brain localization
Jackson, John Hughlings
Bain, Alexander
Darwin, Charles Robert
Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de
Vanini, Giulio Cesare
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
Great Britain
London (England)
United States
Melbourne (Victoria, Australia)
British Association for the Advancement of Science

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