Article ID: CBB020139631

Le problème du cercle de la méthode chez Ramus, Descartes et Spinoza (2020)

unapi

The well-known problem of the «beginning of knowledge», posited by Plato in his Meno, takes a singular turn when we assume that knowledge has a vocation to be produced following a method. If that is the case, then one difficulty follows another. The «circle of method» takes the place of Meno’s paradox, and one rightly wonders whether it is necessary to proceed – and if it is the only way – in a methodical way to invent a method. Since the Regulae, Descartes labored under the difficulty posed by this question, which Spinoza later dissolved. It remains to be seen whether, contrary to what Spinoza stipulates, and as Descartes claims, a truly inaugural status can be granted to method, and whether something like an authentic «method of invention» is possible. That is when method acquires its modern meaning (which is still our meaning today), provided that we are willing to recognize that this method of invention is not itself invented, but simply recognized as being the «natural method» followed by common sense.

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Authors & Contributors
Feingold, Mordechai
Rother, Wolfgang
Freedman, Joseph S.
Garber, Daniel
Rousset, Bernard
Canziani, Guido
Journals
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
British Journal for the History of Science
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Rinascimento: Rivista dell'Istituto Nazionale di Studi sul Rinascimento
Science in Context
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
Schwabe
Acumen
Purdue University (Lafayette, Indiana)
Pennsylvania State University
Concepts
Philosophy
Methodology
Philosophy of science
Mind and body
Cartesianism
Methodology of science; scientific method
People
Descartes, René
Spinoza, Baruch
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Hobbes, Thomas
Ramus, Petrus
Galilei, Galileo
Time Periods
17th century
16th century
18th century
20th century
Early modern
Places
Europe
France
Italy
Institutions
School of Milan
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