Thesis ID: CBB001567529

The Revival of Anatomical Practices and Techniques in the Renaissance (2013)


Shotwell, Allen (Author)

Newman, William R.
Carmichael, Ann
Scalabrini, Massimo
Indiana University
Newman, William R.
Carmichael, Ann
Klestinec, Cynthia
Scalabrini, Massimo
Bertoloni Meli, Domenico
Klestinec, Cynthia

Publication Date: 2013
Edition Details: Advisor: Bertoloni Meli, Domenico; Committee Members: Newman, William R., Carmichael, Ann, Klestinec, Cynthia, Scalabrini, Massimo.
Physical Details: 257 pp.
Language: English

The history of the development of anatomical knowledge in the sixteenth century has been told largely without reference to the specifics involved in examining bodies. Here I develop a history of anatomy through attention to the details of how bodies were examined--the various specialized techniques of dissection (probes, inflation and insufflation, injections, bone preparation) and general practices (dissection, vivisection, public demonstrations and private dissections, the dissection of animal as well as human bodies, examination of bodies that suffered from various diseases). Focusing on the details of the practices and techniques of dissection reveals a new chronology for the development of anatomy and emphasizes the importance of the medical and surgical applications of anatomical study. Dissection went through three phases in the early sixteenth century, each with a fairly specific geographic focus and motivated by different texts that served as the template for performing examinations. Prevailing medical and surgical concerns fueled much of the work done. Key individuals in each phase include Berengario da Carpi, Gabriele Zerbi, Andreas Vesalius, Johannes Dryander, Charles Estienne, and Realdo Colombo. These various anatomists (and others I consider) approached examining bodies with certain assumptions about the purpose of dissection that were reflected in the methods they used. The traditional account of the rise of dissection which involves a shift towards emphasizing knowledge from the body over knowledge from texts begun by Vesalius is unfounded. Anatomists throughout the early sixteenth century emphasized knowledge from dissection, but the nature of the knowledge they sought changed with changing perceptions of the utility of anatomy.


Description Cited in Dissertation Abstracts International-A 75/03(E), Sep 2014. Proquest Document ID: 1473911494.

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Authors & Contributors
Laurenza, Domenico
Pérez Ibáñez, M. J.
Eamon, William C.
Mandelbrote, Scott
Meer, Jitse M. van der
García Jáuregui, Carlos
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Micrologus: Natura, Scienze e Società Medievali
Journal of the History of Biology
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Leo S. Olschki
École Française de Rome
Les Belles Lettres
Fabrizio Serra Editore
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Development of science; change in science
Terminology and nomenclature
Natural philosophy
Human anatomy
Berengario da Carpi, Jacopo
Vesalius, Andreas
Leonardo da Vinci
Valverde de Hamusco, Juan
Colombo, Realdo
Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de
Time Periods
16th century
15th century
17th century
Rome (Italy)

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