Thesis ID: CBB001567263

Eating to Learn, Learning to Eat: School Meals and Nutrition Policy in the United States, 1900--1946 (2011)

unapi

Ruis, Andrew R. (Author)


University of Wisconsin at Madison
Leavitt, Judith Walzer


Publication Date: 2011
Edition Details: Advisor: Leavitt, Judith Walzer.
Physical Details: 333 pp.
Language: English

A nearly ubiquitous aspect of American childhood, the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) operates in over 100,000 schools in the United States. For over sixty years the NSLP--the longest running public health nutrition initiative in U.S. history and the only one aimed at school-aged children--has struggled to provide warm, appetizing, and nutritious meals at a low cost. Expected to address concerns ranging from poverty to malnutrition and childhood obesity, saddled with incentives to rely heavily on surplus commodities, increasingly dependent private food companies, and chronically underfunded, the NSLP--despite its many successes--has come to symbolize the failures of American nutrition policy. Although the NSLP began in 1947, it resulted from over four decades of experimentation and development at the local level. Virtually nonexistent in 1900, school meal programs became nearly ubiquitous in less than three decades. By the time Congress passed the NSLA in 1946, a third of the nation's children were already receiving food along with their education. Despite many emendations, the core architecture of the NSLA remains much the same as it was in the 1940s. Decisions and developments from the first decades of the 20th century continue to define school meal programs, influencing both the composition of the NSLP and the dialogue surrounding its place in the public health infrastructure. The history of school meal programs is one of continuous conflict betwen ideology and implementation. From the turn of the 20th century, reformers unflaggingly persisted in the belief that children can and should be fed nutritious meals at school, thereby fostering lifelong eating habits and helping to ensure good nutritional health, but their goals inevitably and repeatedly foundered against the harsh realities of scientific uncertainty, political compromise, and economic parsimony. Nevertheless, school meals drew public and professional attention to the importance of physical health in the educational process, the life-long health consequences of malnourishment during childhood, and the fact that children require different health care than adults. The nourishment of school children became central to negotiations between the health responsibilities of home and state, private charity and public welfare, national and local government.

...More

Description Cited in Dissertation Abstracts International-A 72/10, Apr 2012. Proquest Document ID: 885173414.


Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001567263/

Similar Citations

Book Andrew R. Ruis; (2017)
Eating to Learn, Learning to Eat: The Origins of School Lunch in the United States (/isis/citation/CBB039589050/) unapi

Book Lisa Haushofer; (2022)
Wonder Foods: The Science and Commerce of Nutrition (/isis/citation/CBB755765560/) unapi

Book Biltekoff, Charlotte; (2013)
Eating Right in America: The Cultural Politics of Food and Health (/isis/citation/CBB001452069/) unapi

Article Dunn, Elizabeth Cullen; (2011)
The Pasteurized State: Milk, Health and the Government of Risk (/isis/citation/CBB001210133/) unapi

Article Santacruz, María González; Gil, Enrique Perdiguero; (2019)
La consolidación de los derivados de la leche de vaca en la alimentación del lactante en España (1939-1959) (/isis/citation/CBB113462189/) unapi

Thesis Frohlich, Xaq Zachary; (2011)
Accounting for Taste: Regulating Food Labeling in the “Affluent Society,” 1945--1995 (/isis/citation/CBB001567293/) unapi

Book McDowell, Lee; (2013)
Vitamin History: The Early Years (/isis/citation/CBB001422145/) unapi

Article Brinkmann, Sören; (2014)
Leite e modernidade: ideologia e políticas de alimentação na era Vargas (/isis/citation/CBB001420714/) unapi

Book Wallach, Jennifer Jensen; (2013)
How America Eats: A Social History of U.S. Food and Culture (/isis/citation/CBB001202133/) unapi

Book Riney-Kehrberg, Pamela; (2014)
The Nature of Childhood: An Environmental History of Growing up in America since 1865 (/isis/citation/CBB001422358/) unapi

Article Markowitz, Gerald E.; (2016)
The Childhood Lead Poisoning Epidemic in Historical Perspective (/isis/citation/CBB824931904/) unapi

Book Miller, Char; (2013)
Seeking the Greatest Good: The Conservation Legacy of Gifford Pinchot (/isis/citation/CBB001420359/) unapi

Book Levenstein, Harvey; (2012)
Fear of Food: A History of Why We Worry about What We Eat (/isis/citation/CBB001210041/) unapi

Thesis Janzen, Mark Ryan; (2010)
The Cranberry Scare of 1959: The Beginning of the End of the Delaney Clause (/isis/citation/CBB001567202/) unapi

Book Anthony Ryan Hatch; (2016)
Blood Sugar: Racial Pharmacology and Food Justice in Black America (/isis/citation/CBB245142743/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Veit, Helen Zoe
Wallach, Jennifer Jensen
Levenstein, Harvey A.
Dunn, Elizabeth Cullen
Miller, Char
Bezerra, José Arimatea Barros
Journals
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Agricultural History
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
History of Education
Publishers
University of North Carolina Press
Rowman & Littlefield
University of Chicago Press
University of Pittsburgh Press
First Edition Design Inc.
University Press of Kansas
Concepts
Food and foods
Public health
Nutrition; dietetics
Food industry and trade
Science and society
Food safety
People
Sabin, Florence Rena
Pinchot, Gifford
Roosevelt, Theodore
Davis, Adelle
Funk, Casimir
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
21st century
18th century
Places
United States
Brazil
Pennsylvania (U.S.)
Asia
Spain
Great Britain
Institutions
United States. Food and Drug Administration
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment