Thesis ID: CBB001562129

Health, Medicine and Nation in Shanghai, ca. 1900--1945 (2004)


Nakajima, Chieko (Author)

University of Michigan
Young, Ernest P.

Publication Date: 2004
Edition Details: Advisor: Young, Ernest P.
Physical Details: 309 pp.
Language: English

Health, medicine and nation in Shanghai, ca. 1900--1945 Nakajima, Chieko. Proquest Dissertations And Theses 2004. 309 pages; [Ph.D. dissertation].United States -- Michigan: University of Michigan; 2004. Publication Number: AAT 3122009. Advisor: Young, Ernest P. School: University of Michigan School Location: United States -- Michigan Index terms Health, Medicine, Nation, Shanghai, China (keywords): Source: DAI-A 65/02, p. 653, Aug 2004 Source type: DISSERTATION Subjects: History, Science history Publication Number: AAT 3122009 Document URL: pqdweb?did=765350961&Fmt=2&clientId=41954&RQT=309&VName=PQD ProQuest document 765350961 ID: [/images/common/spacer.gif] bstract (Document Summary) This dissertation explores various connotations and transformations of the idea of "health" in late 19th and early 20th century Shanghai. By examining the relations between "health," Shanghai society, and municipal politics, this dissertation discusses how political power expressed through an ideology of health developed in Shanghai, and the hegemony exercised by those who defined it. The study begins with a discussion of Shanghai's health care providers: hospitals and drugstores. In the late 19th century, hospitals were introduced into the city by missionaries. In the 20th century, not only medical missionaries but also the local elite as well as Chinese-style doctors engaged in management of hospitals. Hospitals served multiple purposes, including charity, research, education and business. At the same time, Shanghai's entrepreneurs opened new-style drugstores to sell Chinese-made Western medicine. These entrepreneurs not only introduced Western medicine to Shanghai residents but also incorporated "health" into commercial strategies. The dissertation next examines the public health administration in Shanghai in the early 20th century. While the Nationalist state created nationwide health care systems, the Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau took charge of health- related work in the city. The Shanghai Health Bureau had its origin in local organizations. As health care became a part of municipal administration, the connotations of "health" also expanded. In early 20th century Shanghai, "health" meant not only personal well-being but also civic order and national strength. This connection of "health," civic order and the nation is manifested in health campaigns, in which "health" became a political slogan and a subject of mass mobilization activities. A wide range of measures, which evolved from Shanghai's urban culture, was adopted to disseminate the idea of "health." The dissertation also discusses the coercive dimensions of health-related work. It points out the political power of "health" and science by focusing on wartime cholera control work in the 1940s. The Japanese occupation during the war was accompanied by the desire of the Japanese forces and the puppet government to enforce policies and to control Shanghai society. As "health" based on modern science became a part of wartime politics, health administrators used "health" to enforce regulations and to supervise people's lives.


Description Cited in Diss. Abstr. Int. A 65/02 (2004): 653. UMI pub. no. 3122009.

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Authors & Contributors
Liang, Bo
Zhai, Wen-bao
Shin, Dongwon
McPake, Barbara
Lachenal, Guillaume
Beier, Lucinda McCray
Social History of Medicine
Medicina Historica
Zhongguo Keji Shiliao (China Historical Materials of Science and Technology)
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Twentieth-Century China
Ohio State University Press
University of Pennsylvania
Harvard University
Palgrave Macmillan
University of Minnesota
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Public health
Medicine and politics
Health care
Jamot, Eugene
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
Shanghai (China)
Great Britain
Shanghai Science Institute
Rockefeller Foundation

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