Thesis ID: CBB001561572

Vital Times: Power, Public Health, and Memory in Rural Java (2005)

unapi

Stein, Eric Andrew (Author)


University of Michigan
Hunt, Nancy R.
Stoler, Ann L.


Publication Date: 2005
Edition Details: Advisors: Hunt, Nancy R.; Ann L. Stoler
Physical Details: 340 pp.
Language: English

This dissertation examines how rural public health became politically vital at key moments of national transition from the time of the Netherlands Indies colony in the 1930s to the present post-Suharto moment in Indonesia, bringing about complex changes in local forms of knowledge, authority, and difference in Javanese villages. The study complicates scholarly notions of "colonial medicine" by showing how rural hygiene not only served Dutch moral claims to the philanthropic care of colonized populations, but also arose out of transnational Rockefeller Foundation hookworm prevention projects, contributed to the growing internationalism of public health in the interwar period that was critical of colonialism, and inspired the nation building projects of Indonesian doctors and anti-colonial nationalists in the 1940s and 1950s. Critical to the dissertation is an analysis of the rise of Suharto's New Order state in the aftermath of the 1965-66 anti-communist massacres, during which time elite female family planning labor became positively refigured as part of a "revolutionary struggle" to lower national birthrates. Drawing on a year of ethnography and memory work in Karang Wetan, a former Rockefeller Foundation model village in rural Banyumas, Central Java the dissertation shows how public health tapped into local relations of patronage, modes of public performance, and ideas about development temporality as supplements to power. How people talked about toilets, microscopes, film projectors, and statistics; recalled odors, sensory pleasures, laughter, deference, and shame; and remembered elite health workers, Dutch schoolboys, Japanese soldiers, and revolutionary heroes forms the basis of this study's enriched vision of the past and the many domains of life touched by public health. These memories---expressed through nostalgia, regret, hesitation, and silence---also show something larger about how Javanese conceive of time, history, and the future in the present, post- Suharto period. This study provides critical insight into how public health preventive education techniques, even within "model" health villages, create forms of stratified medicalization that privilege elite authority and access to health care and exclude poorer villagers, who may be marginalized by the very development mechanisms intended to protect their lives.

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Description Cited in Diss. Abstr. Int. A 66/10 (2006): 3703. UMI pub. no. 3192785.


Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001561572/

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Authors & Contributors
Bourmaud, Philippe
Bashford, Alison
Reichardt, Elliott M.
Seaton, Andrew
Strother, Christian
Gonzalez, Stephanie
Journals
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Medical History
Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History
Journal of Burma Studies
International Journal of Middle East Studies
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Emory University
W. W. Norton & Co.
University of Pittsburgh Press
University of North Carolina Press
University of Chicago Press
Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai
Concepts
Medicine and politics
Colonialism
Public health
Nationalism
Medicine and society
Disease and diseases
People
Wright, Richard
Sartre, Jean-Paul
Lippmann, Walter
Freud, Sigmund
Fanon, Frantz
Conrad, Joseph
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
19th century
21st century
18th century
Places
Middle and Near East
Hong Kong
Myanmar (Burma)
East Asia
Hawaii (U.S.)
Haiti (Caribbean)
Institutions
League of Nations
National Health Service (Great Britain)
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