Thesis ID: CBB001560708

Weather Prediction in Early Modern England (2002)

unapi

Vogel, Brant Montgomery (Author)


Emory University
Bay, Edna G.


Publication Date: 2002
Edition Details: Advisor: Bay, Edna G.
Physical Details: 334 pp.
Language: English

The historiography of meteorology recognizes a discontinuity between the classical meteorology of Aristotle, which analyzed the causes of remarkable weather events, and modern meteorology, which applies instruments to the study of the atmosphere and weather prediction. It is commonly held that the invention of the thermometer and the barometer, and the exploitation of such instruments by the scientific societies of the seventeenth century, laid the foundation of modern meteorology. This study contextualizes the history of instruments as they were developed and studied by the Royal Society. Working toward an answer to the question of why English natural philosophers thought they could predict the future with instruments which measured the state of the air, popular and intellectual weather prediction practices outside the Aristotelian tradition are examined as conditioning the way instruments would be understood. The almanac mediated between people and weather in early modern England. Weather predictions in popular literature were based on natural astrology along with other co-existing practices: popular traditions of weather signs and lunar weather prediction, and a classical tradition in weather signs. Within this context, the new instruments took on a popular as well as scientific role, starting as instruments of natural magic, then becoming items of commerce and signs of class. The use of instruments as outlined in popular manuals was a hybrid of scientific methodology with astrological and folk practice. While the market in instruments expanded, the Royal Society made several attempts to initiate a Baconian study of the weather, based on the weather diary, which took its tabular form from almanacs. Instruments remained controversial within scientific circles, until, as in the popular imagination, their efficacy became an unexamined commonplace. Meanwhile, astrologers acting at the fringes of scientific circles attempted to reform astrometeorology through Baconian methods not unlike those used by instrumental meteorology, attracting interest from certain scientists, and hostility from others. By the mid-eighteenth century popular and astrological practice descended in status, while instrumental weather study continued to be pursued in quasi-statistical fashion, having more affinity to climatology and public health than to the modern meteorology that would be developed in subsequent centuries.

...More

Description On the ways that weather prediction was influenced by several different traditions, including astrology, folk practice, and scientific-instrument-based study. Cited in Diss. Abstr. Int. A 63 (2003): 4067. UMI order no. 3071421.


Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001560708/

Similar Citations

Article Macadam, Joyce; (2012)
English Weather: The Seventeenth-Century Diary of Ralph Josselin (/isis/citation/CBB001200983/)

Article Carolan, V.; (2011)
The Shipping Forecast and British National Identity (/isis/citation/CBB001024925/)

Thesis Scofield, Bruce; (2010)
A History and Test of Planetary Weather Forecasting (/isis/citation/CBB001560831/)

Chapter Johnston, Stephen; (2006)
Reading Rules: Artefactual Evidence for Mathematics and Craft in Early-Modern England (/isis/citation/CBB000773529/)

Article Ion Mihailescu; (2021)
Graphical details: the secret life of Christopher Wren's drawing of the weather clock (/isis/citation/CBB204410354/)

Article James Lequeux; (2020)
Geodetic arcs, pendulums and the shape of the Earth (/isis/citation/CBB886876626/)

Article Blakemore, Richard J.; (2012)
Navigating Culture: Navigational Instruments as Cultural Artefacts, c. 1550--1650 (/isis/citation/CBB001200835/)

Article Buchwald, Jed Z.; (2006)
Discrepant Measurements and Experimental Knowledge in the Early Modern Era (/isis/citation/CBB000740258/)

Article Vittori, Ottavio; Mestitz, Anna; (1981)
Calibration of the “Florentine little thermometer” (/isis/citation/CBB000016957/)

Book Chang, Hasok; (2004)
Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress (/isis/citation/CBB000641906/)

Article Righini, Guglielmo; (1974)
Sulla costruzione del compasso geometrico e militare di Galileo (/isis/citation/CBB000003577/)

Article Ulbrich, Karl; (1979-81)
Johann Kepler und dessen Linzer und Wiener Längemasse (/isis/citation/CBB000003344/)

Book Belli, Gabriella; Giacomoni, Paola; Ottani Cavina, Anna; (2003)
Montagna: Arte, scienza, mito da Dürer a Warhol (/isis/citation/CBB000741141/)

Article Zouckermann, Raymond; (1981)
Air weight and atmospheric pressure from Galileo to Torricelli (/isis/citation/CBB000008200/)

Article Bedini, Silvio A.; (1986)
The Galilean jovilabe (/isis/citation/CBB000038726/)

Authors & Contributors
Ion Mihailescu
Macadam, Joyce
Zouckermann, Raymond
Vittori, Ottavio
Vasari, Giorgio
Ulbrich, Karl
Journals
Journal for Maritime Research: Britian, the Sea and Global History
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Journal of Interdisciplinary History
Publishers
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Skira
Oxford University Press
Giunti
Concepts
Measuring instruments
Scientific apparatus and instruments
Weather forecasting
Meteorology
Technology
Instruments, navigational
People
Galilei, Galileo
Wren, Christopher
Vasari, Giorgio
Torricelli, Evangelista
Shakespeare, William
Ruskin, John
Time Periods
17th century
19th century
18th century
Early modern
Renaissance
16th century
Places
England
Saxony
United States
Germany
France
Great Britain
Institutions
Royal Institute of British Architects
Royal Society of London
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment