Article ID: CBB001553561

Conjoined Twins: Scientific Cinema and Pavlovian Physiology (2015)


Through the lens of a 1957 documentary film, “Neural and humoral factors in the regulation of bodily functions (research on conjoined twins),” produced by the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, this essay traces the entwined histories of Soviet physiology, studies of conjoined twins and scientific cinema. It examines the role of Ivan Pavlov and his students, including Leonid Voskresenkii, Dmitrii Fursikov and Petr Anokhin, in the development of “scientific film” as a particular cinematographic genre in Soviet Russia and explores numerous puzzles hidden behind the film's striking visuals.

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Authors & Contributors
Stuart Joy
Zwart, Hub
Terence McSweeney
Muigai, Wangui
Rall, Veronika
Weingart, Peter
Science in Context
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
History of Science
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
British Journal for the History of Science
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
University of Rochester Press
MIT Press
Yale University
Science and film
Motion pictures; cinema; movies
Science fiction
Visual representation; visual communication
Popular culture
Lorentz, Pare
Attenborough, David Frederick
Urban, Charles
Kubrick, Stanley
Kearton, Cherry
Duncan, F. Martin
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
20th century, early
20th century, late
United States
Georgia (U.S.)
North America

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