Article ID: CBB001553383

John Tyndall and the Early History of Diamagnetism (2015)

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John Tyndall, Irish-born natural philosopher, completed his PhD at the University of Marburg in 1850 while starting his first substantial period of research into the phenomenon of diamagnetism. This paper provides a detailed analysis and evaluation of his contribution to the understanding of magnetism and of the impact of this work on establishing his own career and reputation; it was instrumental in his election as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1852 and as Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Royal Institution in 1853. Tyndall's interactions and relationships with Michael Faraday, William Thomson, Julius Plücker and others are explored, alongside his contributions to experimental practice and to emerging theory. Tyndall's approach, challenging Faraday's developing field theory with a model of diamagnetic polarity and the effect of magnetic forces acting in couples, was based on his belief in the importance of underlying molecular structure, an idea which suffused his later work, for example in relation to the study of glaciers and to the interaction of substances with radiant heat.

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Authors & Contributors
Michael Wiescher
James, Frank A.J.L.
Baldwin, Melinda Clare
Kenichi Natsume
Hayes, Emily
John Lekner
Journals
British Journal for the History of Science
Substantia: An International Journal of the History of Chemistry
Proceedings of the ... International Congress of the History of Science
Philosophia Naturalis
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
World Scientific
Pickering & Chatto
Oxford University Press
Les Belles Lettres
Carocci Editore
Concepts
Physics
Natural philosophy
Correspondence and corresponding
Magnetism
Occult sciences
Science and society
People
Tyndall, John
Faraday, Michael
Kelvin, William Thomson, Baron
Plücker, Julius
Russell, Bertrand Arthur William
Pasteur, Louis
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
Early modern
Renaissance
20th century
15th century
Places
Great Britain
Germany
England
Europe
British Isles
Institutions
Royal Institution of Great Britain
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