Article ID: CBB001552714

Cleansing the World of the Germ of Laziness: Hygiene, Sanitation, and the Javanese Population in Suriname (2014)


Hoefte, Rosemarijn (Author)

História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Volume: 21, no. 4
Issue: 4
Pages: 1437-1445

Publication Date: 2014
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Portuguese.
Language: Portuguese

In 1915 the Rockefeller Foundation took its hookworm eradication campaign to Suriname, but was soon disappointed because of opposition from its main target group: the Javanese. Moreover, authorities and planters objected to the construction of latrines because of the costs and their belief that the Javanese were “unhygienic”. In describing the labor migration from Java to Suriname, I show that this “lack of hygiene” was closely related to the system's organization. I argue that uncleanliness was the consequence of harmful socio-economic and ecological conditions. Secondly I suggest that even though the Foundation did not manage to cleanse Suriname of hookworm, its educational efforts, its emphasis on prevention, and its training of local health workers probably had more impact than Rockefeller officials thought.

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Authors & Contributors
Anderson, Warwick H.
Litsios, Socrates
Balinska, Marta Aleksandra
Palló, Gábor
Theodorou, Vassiliki
Karakatsani, Despina
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Social History of Medicine
Duke University Press
Public health
Health promotion
Medicine and society
Public understanding of science
United States, colonies
Chagas, Carlos
United States
20th century, early
19th century
Meiji period (Japan, 1868-1910)
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
Rockefeller Foundation
League of Nations

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