Article ID: CBB001552647

Freud, Jung and Boas: The Psychoanalytic Engagement with Anthropology Revisited (2015)


Sigmund Freud's and C. G. Jung's turn to evolutionist anthropological material after 1909 is usually seen as a logical progression of their long-term interest in such material. It is also seen that they used this material ignorant of the significant challenges to the evolutionist paradigm underpinning such material, in particular the challenges led by Franz Boas. This paper argues otherwise: that both psychologists' turnings to such material was a new development, that neither had shown great interest in such material before 1909, and that their turnings to such material, far from being taken in ignorance of the challenges to evolutionist anthropology, were engagements with those challenges, because the evolutionist paradigm lay at the base of psychoanalysis. It argues that it is no coincidence that this engagement occurred after their return from America in 1909, where they had come into first-hand contact with the challenges of Franz Boas.

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Authors & Contributors
Morris-Reich, Amos
Young, Allan
Pietikainen, Petteri
Fallace, Thomas D.
Crone, Anna Lisa
Willis, William Shedrick
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
Science in Context
History of European Ideas
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Russian History
History and Anthropology
Pickering & Chatto
American Philosophical Society
Cambridge University Press
Pacifica Graduate Institute
New York University
Science and race
Cultural anthropology
Evolutionary psychology
Boas, Franz
Freud, Sigmund
Jung, Carl Gustav
Günther, Hans F. K.
Reich, Wilhelm
Fromm, Erich
United States
Soviet Union
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
Columbia University
American Museum of Natural History, New York

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