Article ID: CBB001551993

Pourquoi refuser la théorie cellulaire? Le projet d'une anatomie chimique chez Charles Robin (1821--1885) (2015)


Charles Robin was the main opponent of cell theory in France during the period 1850-1880. My aim here is to understand this opposition in the light of the vast anatomo-physiological system developed by Robin during the second half of the 1840s. This system was based on a chemical and dynamical conception of living matter, and left no significant place for the cellular level. I also show that Robin's explanatory principles were united themselves by a philosophic attitude marked by Comtian positivism. Like Auguste Comte, Robin never abandoned a certain hostility towards what was perceived in France as a direct updating of the principles of German Naturphilosophie. The last part of this study exposes the controversy which set Robin against Rudolf Virchow during the period 1866-1873. I will seize the occasion to put in perspective Robin's legacy, and thus its real influence on the course of French biology

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Authors & Contributors
Govoni, Paola
Sordoni, Valentina
Arvy, Lucie
Rivet, Régis
Petit, Annie
Krischke, Martin
Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
Comptes Rendus du Congrès National des Sociétés Savantes, Section des Sciences
Science and Education
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Filosofia, Centro Internazionale per la Storia delle Università e della Scienza
J. Vrin, Impr. de la Manutention
Columbia University
Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura
Springer International Publishing
Natural philosophy
Philosophy of science
Science and literature
Natural history
Robin, Charles
Comte, Auguste
Liebig, Justus von
Kant, Immanuel
Virchow, Rudolf Carl
Littré, Émile
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
17th century
16th century
20th century
15th century
Great Britain
Herzog August Bibliothek

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