Article ID: CBB001550681

Walter Miles and His Research on Low Dose Alcohol (1914--1924): Shifting The Emphasis from Intoxication to Impairment (2014)

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During his tenure (1914--1922) as a research scientist at Boston's Carnegie Nutrition Laboratory, Walter Miles (1885--1978) conducted important and methodologically sophisticated experiments on the psychological effects of low dose (2.75% by weight) alcohol. The research was important because it represented a shift in strategy away from examining the effects of large amounts of alcohol to determine the consequences of alcohol intoxication. Although the amount of alcohol ingested by his subjects was small, Miles was nonetheless able to demonstrate consistent deficits in several types of motor performance. Miles became an acknowledged national expert on the topic of alcohol and its behavioral consequences, and although he was unable to influence the debate that led to repealing National Prohibition in the early 1930s, his research had relevance for an issue that was emerging in the 1930s---the problem of the alcohol-impaired driver. Miles added a scientific and respected voice to the developing momentum for a societal response to the impaired driving question

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Authors & Contributors
Osborn, Matthew Warner
Watkins, Elizabeth Siegel
Dolan, Brian
Blanc, Paul
Rajala, Richard A.
Dessaux, Pierre-Antoine
Journals
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadien d'Histoire de la Medecine
History and Technology
The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs
Hispanic American Historical Review
Agricultural History
Food and History
Publishers
University of British Columbia
University of Chicago Press
University of Michigan
University of California, Davis
Harvard University
Cornell University
Concepts
Alcoholism
Alcohol
Science and government
Legislative and administrative regulations
Public health
Science and politics
People
Poe, Edgar Allan
Places
United States
France
Ireland
Great Britain
Venezuela
Southern states (U.S.)
Times
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
17th century
18th century
21st century
Institutions
League of Nations
United States. Department of Agriculture
National Research Council (U.S.)
Department of the Interior, United States
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