Article ID: CBB001550528

Tea in Toronto and the Liberal Order, 1880--1914 (2012)


Although afternoon tea was a cornerstone of sociability in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods, there is little information about its lived experience. Most discussions of tea in scholarly literature are based on information contained in advice books. Drawing especially from the reporting found in Saturday Night magazine, this article provides a more realistic understanding of how the rite was conducted in Toronto. Further, it argues that as a device intended to promote circulation in the modern city, tea was linked fundamentally to an emerging liberal order. As problems associated with tea became more pronounced with the growth of the city, the location of tea began to shift from domestic to commercial settings, and the scale of gatherings began to be much more intimate. While the lure of commercial culture undoubtedly pulled women downtown, they were also pushed there by the mounting inconvenience of a primary social ritual.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Reaume, Geoffrey; (1997)
Accounts of abuse of patients at the Toronto Hospital for the Insane, 1883-1937 (/isis/citation/CBB000079758/)

Book Stacie Burke; (2018)
Building Resistance: Children, Tuberculosis, and the Toronto Sanatorium (/isis/citation/CBB832555241/)

Book Dennis, Richard; (2008)
Cities in Modernity: Representations and Productions of Metropolitan Space, 1840--1930 (/isis/citation/CBB000953908/)

Book Winder, Gordon M.; (2012)
The American Reaper: Harvesting Networks and Technology, 1830--1910 (/isis/citation/CBB001253001/)

Article Bernardita Escobar Andrae; Nelson Arellano Escudero; (Summer 2019)
Green Innovation from the Global South: Renewable Energy Patents in Chile, 1877–1910 (/isis/citation/CBB305701632/)

Book David B. Sicilia; David G. Wittner; (2021)
Strands of Modernization: The Circulation of Technology and Business Practices in East Asia, 1850-1920 (/isis/citation/CBB020658174/)

Article Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo; Salvador Calatayud; (2020)
Unequal access to food during the nutritional transition: evidence from Mediterranean Spain (/isis/citation/CBB944123660/)

Book French, Michael; Phillips, Jim; (2000)
Cheated Not Poisoned? Food Regulation in the United Kingdom, 1875-1938 (/isis/citation/CBB000101232/)

Chapter Roberto Lorenzetti; (2022)
Il mago del grano. La rivoluzione verde di Nazareno Strampelli (/isis/citation/CBB659485275/)

Book Kraft, James P.; (1996)
Stage to studio: Musicians and the sound revolution, 1890--1950 (/isis/citation/CBB001181272/)

Article Sturchio, Jeffrey L.; Galambos, Louis; (2011)
The German Connection: Merck and the Flow of Knowledge from Germany to the United States, 1880--1930 (/isis/citation/CBB001211696/)

Chapter Diamond, Cora; (2010)
Inheriting from Frege: The Work of Reception, as Wittgenstein Did It (/isis/citation/CBB001211660/)

Article Jed Z. Buchwald; (2016)
Politics, Morality, Innovation, and Misrepresentation in Physical Science and Technology (/isis/citation/CBB057193115/)

Multimedia Object Claire Clark; Williams, Elizabeth A.; (2020)
Elizabeth A. Williams, “Appetite and Its Discontents: Science, Medicine, and the Urge to Eat, 1750-1950” (U Chicago Press, 2020) (/isis/citation/CBB564940117/)

Book Wallach, Jennifer Jensen; (2013)
How America Eats: A Social History of U.S. Food and Culture (/isis/citation/CBB001202133/)

Article Antonello La Vergata; (2019)
Food, Nerves, and Fertility. Variations on the Moral Economy of the Body, 1700–1920 (/isis/citation/CBB469967440/)

Article Cristiano Turbil; (2020)
Science in the Kitchen and beyond: Cooking with Pellegrino Artusi in Post-Unified Italy (/isis/citation/CBB762424863/)

Article Alessandro Porro; Deborah Sabrina Iannotti; Francesco Auxilia; Silvana Castaldi; Maria Antonella Piga; Bruno Falconi; Antonia Francesca Franchini; (2022)
Kashrut in hospital (1817-1919) (/isis/citation/CBB381865338/)

Authors & Contributors
Reaume, Geoffrey
French, Michael
Phillips, Jim
Dennis, Richard
Kraft, James P.
Wallach, Jennifer Jensen
Business and Economic History On-Line
Economic History Review
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Physics in Perspective
Business History Review
Medicina Historica
Manchester University Press
Cambridge University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Rowman & Littlefield
University of Toronto Press
Food and foods
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Technological innovation
Food industry and trade
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Frege, Gottlob
Strampelli, Nazareno
Pellegrino Artusi
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
18th century
20th century, late
20th century
United States
Toronto (Ontario)
Great Britain
New York City (New York, U.S.)
London (England)
Merck & Co.
Merck (E.), firm

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment