Article ID: CBB001550528

Tea in Toronto and the Liberal Order, 1880--1914 (2012)


Walden, Keith (Author)

Canadian Historical Review
Volume: 93, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-24

Although afternoon tea was a cornerstone of sociability in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods, there is little information about its lived experience. Most discussions of tea in scholarly literature are based on information contained in advice books. Drawing especially from the reporting found in Saturday Night magazine, this article provides a more realistic understanding of how the rite was conducted in Toronto. Further, it argues that as a device intended to promote circulation in the modern city, tea was linked fundamentally to an emerging liberal order. As problems associated with tea became more pronounced with the growth of the city, the location of tea began to shift from domestic to commercial settings, and the scale of gatherings began to be much more intimate. While the lure of commercial culture undoubtedly pulled women downtown, they were also pushed there by the mounting inconvenience of a primary social ritual.

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Authors & Contributors
Reaume, Geoffrey
French, Michael
Phillips, Jim
Dennis, Richard
Kraft, James P.
Guly, H. R.
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadien d'Histoire de la Medecine
Business and Economic History On-Line
Economic History Review
Journal for Maritime Research: Britian, the Sea and Global History
Physics in Perspective
Business History Review
Manchester University Press
Cambridge University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Rowman & Littlefield
Cierre edizioni
Food and foods
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Technological innovation
Nutrition; dietetics
Food industry and trade
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Frege, Gottlob
Nazareno Strampelli
Pellegrino Artusi
United States
Toronto (Ontario)
Great Britain
New York City (New York, U.S.)
20th century, early
19th century
18th century
20th century, late
20th century
Merck & Co.
Merck (E.), firm

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