Article ID: CBB001510294

Al-Ṭūsī's Recension Method in Comparison to the Maghribī's Recension of Theodosius' Sphaerica (2013)

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Amirimoqaddam, Masoumeh (Author)


Tarikh-e Elm (The Iranian Journal for the History of Science)
Volume: 11, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-30


Publication Date: 2013
Edition Details: [Translated title.] In Persian.
Language: Persian

This article examines al-Tusi's and Maghribi's recensions of Theodosius' Sphaerica by comparing their features and differences. Al-Tusi adheresto the original text of Sphaerica, however, by adding some postulates and three lemmas, he enriches the mathematical structure of the treatise. Al-Tusi's composition style reveals that he intended to prepare a pedagogical textbook, his statements are concise and precise and he presents demonstrations for all the theorems. Several manuscripts of al-Tusi's recension are extant, one of which has been transcribed before his death. The only other extant recension of Sphaerica belongs to Muhyeddin Maghribi. Maghribi changes the style of the original text by merging some theorems, changing the demonstrations and modifying the diagrams. Although he inserts some additional lemmas into the text, he leaves some simple proofs incomplete. One of the extant manuscripts of Maghribi's recension has been transcribed prior to his death. In sum, we can say that Tusi's recension enriches the mathematical content of the treatise, whereas Maghribi's recension includes some superfluous and superficial changes and lacks the mathematical force of Tusi's recension.

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Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB001510294/

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Authors & Contributors
Mozaffari, S. Mohammad
Ragep, F. Jamil
Tourkin, S.
Isahaya, Yoichi
Morelon, Régis
Dallal, Ahmad S.
Journals
Tarikh-e Elm (The Iranian Journal for the History of Science)
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
History and Philosophy of Logic
Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques
Publishers
Institut Français de Recherche en Iran
Springer International Publishing
Concepts
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Astronomy
Mathematics
Translations
Philosophy
Geometry
People
al-Ṭūsī, Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad Naṣīr al-Dīn
al-Maghribi, Muhyi al-Din
Euclid
Ptolemy
Sadr al-Shari'a
Athīr al-Dīn al-Abharī
Time Periods
13th century
Ancient
Medieval
14th century
11th century
Places
Iran
Greece
Alexandria (Egypt)
Rome (Italy)
China
Persia (Iran)
Institutions
Maragheh observatory
Marāgha Observatory (Iran)
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