Article ID: CBB001450340

Science, Environment, and the New Arctic (2014)


Doel, Ronald E. (Author)
Wråkberg, Urban (Author)
Zeller, Suzanne E. (Author)

Journal of Historical Geography
Volume: 44
Pages: 2--14

Publication Date: 2014
Edition Details: First article in a special section, “Science, Environment, and the New Arctic”
Language: English

This essay underlines the timely importance of research into historical geographies of science and technology as a basis for better understanding the emerging `New' Arctic, where climate change has heightened international interest in northern navigation routes and mineral exploitation. It introduces five studies from two international collaborative research projects: `Colony, Empire, Environment' (funded by the BOREAS Program, European Science Foundation) and `Large-Scale Industrial Exploitation of Polar Areas' (LASHIPA, funded by the Dutch and Swedish Research Councils), situating them in terms of changing interpretations of the Arctic and its environment primarily since the late nineteenth century. With emphasis on the role of science and technology in the production of knowledge about the environment of the far north, these five studies highlight significant shifts in the conception and utilization of the Arctic -- from heroic representations of Arctic exploration through the International Polar Year (1932--1933), the post-1945 militarization of the Arctic, the International Geophysical Year (1957--1958), and the subsequent recasting of the Arctic as a fragile environmental bellwether -- using comparative and transnational approaches to reconsider Arctic historical geographies of science and technology within the larger frameworks of recent regional, colonial, and postcolonial studies.


Description Contents:

Includes Series Articles

Article Avango, Dag; Hacquebord, Louwrens; Wråkberg, Urban (2014) Industrial Extraction of Arctic Natural Resources since the Sixteenth Century: Technoscience and Geo-Economics in the History of Northern Whaling and Mining. Journal of Historical Geography (p. 15). unapi

Article Lajus, Julia; Sörlin, Sverker (2014) Melting the Glacial Curtain: The Politics of Scandinavian--Soviet Networks in the Geophysical Field Sciences between Two Polar Years, 1932/33--1957/58. Journal of Historical Geography (p. 44). unapi

Article Wråkberg, Urban; Granqvist, Karin (2014) Decolonizing Technoscience in Northern Scandinavia: The Role of Scholarship in Sámi Emancipation and the Indigenization of Western Science. Journal of Historical Geography (p. 81). unapi

Article Zeller, Suzanne (2014) Wild Men In and Out of Science: Finding a Place in the Disciplinary Borderlands of Arctic Canada and Greenland. Journal of Historical Geography (p. 31). unapi

Article Doel, Ronald E.; Friedman, Robert Marc; Lajus, Julia; Sörline, Sverker; Wråkberg, Urban (2014) Strategic Arctic Science: National Interests in Building Natural Knowledge---Interwar Era through the Cold War. Journal of Historical Geography (p. 60). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Sörlin, Sverker
Kirchhoff, Markus
Tee, Garry J.
Wawrik, Franz
Voigt, Isabel
Jones, Adam
Geographia antiqua
Rutherford Journal: The New Zealand Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Der Globusfreund: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift für Globen- und Instrumentenkunde
History in Africa
Science in Context
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Levenger Press
Ashgate Publishing
Naval Instute Press
Naval Institute Press
Zalozba ZRC and the Karst Research Institute
Historical geography
Geographical studies of science
Maps; atlases
Travel; exploration
Kerner von Marilaun, Fritz
Waldseemüller, Martin
Braudel, Fernand
Mercator, Gerardus
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
16th century
17th century
20th century, early
Arctic regions
Scandinavia; Nordic countries

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