Article ID: CBB001422282

Canada, Aboriginal Sealing, and the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention (2015)


Irwin, Robert (Author)

Volume: 20, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 57-82

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has described the 1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention as one of the ten most important events in environmental history. Article IV of this Convention provided First Nation sealers with harvest rights provided they conducted the hunt as practiced previously, without the use of firearms and not under contract to a commercial interest. While historians have studied the diplomatic and environmental aspects of the Convention, little attention has been paid to this Aboriginal harvest privilege. Its inclusion in the fur seal treaty inadvertently contributes to the modern “ecological Indian” construction and foreshadows the current environmental crisis faced by many First Nation communities: their harvest is acceptable provided it is considered primitive or traditional and noncommercial.

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Authors & Contributors
Coggins, Chris
MacEachern, Alan
Cushman, Gregory Todd
Drushka, Ken
Loo, Tina
Hart, E. J.
Environmental History
Science as Culture
Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Agricultural History
UBC Press
McGill-Queen's University Press
University of Hawai'i Press
University of British Columbia Press
University of Alberta Press
Yale University Press
Conservation of natural resources
Hunting; trapping
Indigenous peoples; indigeneity
Environmental history
Fur trade
Environmental protection
Harkin, James Bernard
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
18th century
21st century
20th century, early
16th century
United States
Arctic regions
Great Britain

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