Article ID: CBB001422008

Australia, the International Geophysical Year and the 1959 Antarctic Treaty (2013)


Australia's experience of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in Antarctica (1957--8) tempers the dominant narrative of the IGY as a transformative event in Antarctic affairs. This article argues that the IGY was not a great rupture in Australia's relationship with Antarctica. Rather, because of a long cultural attachment to and continuing relationship with Antarctica based in concepts of national security and development, Australian government policy stubbornly adhered to the idea of territorial sovereignty. Recognising this continuity in Australia's relationship with Antarctica is important for reconfiguring our understanding of how the Antarctic Treaty took the form it did.

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Authors & Contributors
Lugg, Desmond J.
Quilty, Patrick G.
Roberts, Peder
Sörlin, Sverker
Marchant, Harvey J.
Howkins, Adrian John
Australian Journal of Politics and History
Historical Records of Australian Science
History of Meteorology
Social Studies of Science
Peace and Change: A Journal of Peace Research
Development in Practice
Australian Antarctic Division
Palgrave Macmillan
Ashgate Publishing
Oxford University Press
Princeton University Press
Science and politics
Scientific expeditions
Travel; exploration
International relations
Cold War
Law, Phillip Garth
Cole, Keith David
Ahlmann, Hans Wilhelmsson
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
20th century, late
19th century
18th century
17th century
Polar regions
Scandinavia; Nordic countries
Great Britain
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (1968)
Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (2004)
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

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