Article ID: CBB001421922

Quotas on Narwhal (Monodon Monoceros) Hunting in East Greenland: Trends in Narwhal Killed per Hunter and Potential Impacts of Regulations on Inuit Communities (2013)


This study evaluates the introduction of quotas on narwhal hunting in East Greenland with respect to effects on Inuit culture and based on trends in narwhal killed per hunter and assessment of migration patterns. Cultural aspects were assessed through group discussions and comparison between East and Northwest Greenland. Trends in narwhal killed/hunter were modeled from catch statistics using information on number of hunters and climate and ice cover data for the period 1993--2004. Results indicate negative impacts of quotas on Inuit culture; did not detect negative trends in narwhal killed/hunter; and suggest south-west-bound migration, implying potential immigration from non-hunted populations that was not considered in quota setting. The implementation of quotas without local consultations and legal basis in the relevant executive order is therefore in our opinion inappropriate. Conservation and sustainable use of narwhal stocks may be more likely to succeed if local communities are involved through co-management agreements.

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Authors & Contributors
Lewis, Michael
Burnett, J. Alexander
Hercock, Marion
Goedeke, T. L.
Rikoon, S.
Carse, Ashley
Social Studies of Science
Journal of the History of Biology
Environmental History
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
University of British Columbia Press
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Calgary Press
UBC Press
Environmental protection
Indigenous peoples; indigeneity
Conservation biology
Natural resource management
Conservation of natural resources
Hunting; trapping
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
United States
Arctic regions
Missouri (U.S.)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Canadian Museum of Civilization

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